Berengaria Plantagenet: Birth: 5 Jun 1276. Death: 27 Jun 1278
Edward II PLANTAGENET: Birth: 25 Apr 1284 in Caernarvon Castle, Caernarvon, Caernarvonshire, Wales. Death: 11 Oct 1327 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England
Thomas de Brotherton PLANTAGENET: Birth: 1 Jun 1300 in Cawood Castle, Brotherton, County North Yorkshire, England. Death: Aug 1338
Note: 25th great grandfather of Darrell and 20th of Joan. Edward I (1272-1307), who succeeded his father, was an able administrator and lawmaker. He re-established royal power, investigating many of the abuses resulting from weak royal government and issuing new laws. Edward was an effective soldier, gaining experience from going on crusade to Egypt and Syria before he became king. In 1276 Edward invaded Wales where Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, Prince of Wales, had built up considerable power. In a series of campaigns Edward gained control of Wales, building strong castles to secure his conquests. Llewelyn was killed and in 1284, the Statute of Wales brought Wales under Edward's rule. In 1301, he created his eldest son, Edward, the first English Prince of Wales. Wanting to unite the country behind him and to raise money for all these campaigns, in 1295 the king called what became known as the 'Model Parliament'. To this he summoned not only the aristocracy and the prelates, but also the knights of the shires, burgesses from the towns and junior clergy, thus creating a Parliament in approximately its modern form. From this date onwards, this system of representation became the norm.
In 1296 Edward invaded Scotland, successfully seizing the king of Scots and the Stone of Scone. However, a guerrilla war broke out and William Wallace, the Scottish leader, defeated the English at Stirling Bridge. Wallace was finally captured and executed in 1305. (Note: In the movie, "Braveheart", Edward is portrayed by the American actor, Patrick McGoohan, who was brought up in Ireland and England.)
Edward is also remembered for his brutal anti-Semitism and issued an Edict of Explusion in 1290 that remained in effect for 350 years. See Wikipedia for more. - D. V. Mansur
MARRIAGE: Edward I, King of England 1272-1307 (b. Jun. 16 or 17, 1239; d. Jul. 7, 1307) Married Oct. 18, 1254 Eleanor of Castile (d. Nov. 28, 1290), daughter of St. Fernando II, King of Castile and Leon. He married second Sep. 8, 1299 Margarite, daughter of King Philip II of France. King Edward and Eleanor were parents of Princess Elizabeth Plantagenet (b. Aug. 1282; d. May 5, 1316). Married second 14 Nov 1302 Humphrey de Bohun VIII (b. 1276; d. Mar. 16, 1331/2), Earl of Hereford and Essex. [Burke]
DEATH: Edward died in 1307, when he was about to start another campaign against the Scots.
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