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  1. Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare : Birth: 1130 in Turnbridge, Kent, ENG. Death: 20 APR 1176 in Dublin, IRL

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1. Title:   The Complete Peerage
Page:   10:348
2. Source:   A Baronial Family in Medieveal England: The Clares, 1217-1314; Michael Altschul, Johns Hopkins Press, 1965

  I.1. GILBERT FITZGILBERT, styled also DE CLARE and probably Strongbow, was 2nd son of Gilbert FITZRICHARD, styled also DE CLARE, lord of Clare, Tonbridge and Cardigan, by Alice, daughter of HUGH, COUNT OF CLERMONT, which Alice married 2ndly, [? Bouchard] DE MONTMORENCY. He was born probably circa 1100. He attested charters of his father (died 1114 or 1117) and of his elder brother Richard (died 1136) for Clare Priory; and shortly after Richard's death he joined his mother, his 2 surviving brothers and his sister Rohese in granting a charter for Thorney Abbey. He became a great baron by obtaining the estates of his paternal uncles Roger and Walter, who both died s.p.. He succeeded Roger (living September 1131) in the baronies and castles of Bienfaite and Orbec in Normandy, where he supported Stephen against the Angevin faction, and in the summer of 1136 he led an expedition against Exmes. Afterwards he succeeded his uncle Walter as lord of Nether Gwent, with the castle of Strigoil, later known as Chepstow, probably in March 1137/8, and came to England. In 1138 Stephen created him EARL OF PEMBROKE, and Gilbert besieged and captured a castle or fortified town from the rebels. Stephen also gave him the rape and castle of Pevensey. When the Ernprcss Maud landed in England in the autumn of 1139, Gilbert marched with the King to Arundel. At the battle of Lincoln (2 February 1140/1) he was one of the nobles who fled when the first division of Stephen's army was put to flight; but he was among those who rallied to the Queen after she had recovered London in June; and he was at Canterbury when Stephen was recrowned there at Christmas 1141. Early in 1142 he accompanied the King on his progress to the north; after which Stephen sent him, with the Earl of Essex, to evict the rebels from the Isle of Ely. Gilbert joined Geoffrey's plot against Stephen; but after the collapse of the conspiracy he appears to have been with Stephen at the siege of Oxford, September-December 1142. In 1144 he invaded South Wales and, captured or built Carmarthen Castle. In 1147 he rebelled, when Stephen refused to give him the castles surrendered by his nephew Gilbert, 1st Earl of Hertford; whereupon the King made a forced march to his nearest castle and nearly captured him. Stephen took this castle and two others belonging to Gilbert, and invested Pevensey, but left his followers to blockade it. However the Earl appears to have made his peace before his death in the following year. During the war he was in possession of the Montfitchet fief, as guardian to his nephew, Gilbert de Montfitchet, and as such became involved in a dispute with Gloucester Abbey about certain churches. He was a benefactor to the abbey of Tintern and the priories of Lewes, Southwark and St. Neots, and the Templars. He married Isabel (or Elizabeth), daughter of Robert DE BEAUMONT, COUNT OF MEULAN and 1st EARL OF LEICESTER, by Isabel (or Elizabeth), daughter of Hugh the Great, COUNT OF VERMANDOIS, younger son of Henry I, King of France, which Isabel (Countess of Meulan) married, 2ndly, William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey. Gilbert died probably 6 January 1147/8, or possibly 1148/9, and was buried in Tintern Abbey. His widow was living in 1172. [CP 10:348-52] is NOT responsible for the content of the GEDCOMs uploaded through the WorldConnect Program. The creator of each GEDCOM is solely responsible for its content.