Gilbert de Strigoil : Birth: 1173. Death: 1185
Title: The Complete Peerage
Page: 9:590, 10:352, 12:503
Source: A Baronial Family in Medieveal England: The Clares, 1217-1314; Michael Altschul, Johns Hopkins Press, 1965, abwilson
Note: EARLDOM OF PEMBROKE
II.2. RiCHARD FITZGILBERT, probably styled also Strongbow, EARL OF PEMBROKE, son and heir, born probably circa 1130, attested his father's charters for Lewes and Southwark, and in his father's lifetime made a gift to the abbey of Foucarmont. He succeeded his father as Earl of Pembroke, and in 1153 he attested, as Earl of Pembroke, the treaty between Stephen and Henry, Duke of Normandy. In 1168, with the Earl of Arundel and other nobles, he escorted the Princess Maud to Germany for her marriage to the Duke of Saxony. It was probably in this year that he promised Dermot, the exiled King of Leinster, to help him to recover his kingdom, in return for the promise of his daughter in marriage and the succession to the Crown; but it was not until about 2 years later that he sailed from Milford Haven. On 23 August 1170 he landed near the Danish city of Waterford, which was captured; and with Dermot he marched on Dublin, the chief Danish stronghold, which also fell. After the death of Dermot, circa 1 May 1171, there was a general rising of the Irish and he was besieged in Dublin by the King of Connaught for nearly 2 months; but he surprised the enemy by a sudden sortie and routed them. Marching to Wexford, he defeated O'Ryan, the local King, on the way, at the pass of Odrone. Meanwhile his conquests had aroused the jealousy of Henry II, and the Earl sent Raymond the Fat to place them all in the King's hands. Finally Richard went over to meet Henry and agreed to surrender Dublin and the other coast towns and to do homage for the rest of Leinster. He then accompanied the King to Ireland, did homage and was granted Leinster in fee. In 1173 he joined the King in Normandy, and he took part in the relief of Verneuil in August. Henry is said to have made him Constable of Gisors, and to have given him Wexford, with the custody of Waterford and Dublin; and at Rouen the King committed the custody of Ireland to him. In 1174 he invaded Munster, but he had to fall back on Waterford, where he was besieged unsuccessfully by the Irish. Eventually his supremacy in Leinster was undisputed, and he effected its subinfeudation among his supporters. Before the end of 1175 he was with the King in England. He founded the priory of Usk, and probably the hospital of St. John at Kilmainham-; and he was a benefactor to the abbeys, of Foucarmont, Cormeilles, and Tintern, and the priory of Goldcliff, and in Dublin to the Abbey of St. Mary and to Holy Trinity (Christ Church Cathedral); and he confirmed the foundation of St. Mary's Abbey, Dunbrothy, by his unclc Hervey de Montmorency. He married, circa 26 August 1171, at Waterford, Aoife (a name converted into Eve), daughter and de facto heir of Dermot MACMURROUGH, King of Leinster, by Mor, daughter of Murtough O'TOOLE, Lord of Omurethy, and half-sister St. Laurence O'TOOLE, Archbishop of Dublin. He died probably 20 April 1176, in Dublin, and was buried there in Holy Trinity (Christ Church Cathedral). His widow was styled the Countess of Ireland in 1185, but Countess of Strigoil in 1186. She remained at the King's disposal until his death, and probably died soon afterwards. [CP 10:352-7, 14:521]
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