James studied business in Buffalo then was employed in Ferguson's General Store in Fort Eire. In this position, he conceived the idea of making cheese a more dependable and readily merchandisable product on the grocer's shelves. He spent several years in Buffalo then in 1903, James L. Kraft started the Kraft Cheese Company at Chicago, IL with an investment of $65, a rented horse named "Paddy" and a small covered carriage. He purchased his cheese from a wholesaler on credit then made daily rounds of the grocers. Kraft developed a method of pasteurizing and packaging cheese which he patented in 1909. The company grew to over 1,000 employees and a large number of delivery trucks with operations in the United States and Canada. J.L. Kraft diversified his business to more than 200 food products. He brought his brothers into the business and bought out other food companies taking his business into more markets. By the 1940's, the company had operations in Europe.
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