Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Sarah Chiles: Birth: ABT 1780 in Henry County, Virginia, USA. Death: BEF 12 JAN 1835 in presumed Tennessee, USA

  2. John Chiles: Birth: 19 DEC 1782 in Henry County, Virginia, USA. Death: 19 DEC 1846 in Anderson County, Tennessee, USA

  3. Anna Chiles: Birth: 15 JUN 1785 in Henry County, Virginia, USA. Death: 20 MAR 1853 in Anderson County, Tennessee, USA

  4. Paul Chiles: Birth: 03 JUN 1787 in Henry County, Virginia, USA. Death: 03 FEB 1879 in Troy, Obion County, Tennessee, USA


Family
Marriage:
Sources
1. Title:   Tennessee State Library and Archives
Publication:   Location: 403 7th Ave N, Nashville, TN 37243;
2. Title:   Virginia, Marriages, 1660-1800
Author:   Dodd, Jordan

Notes
a. Note:   Rowland Horsley Chiles, Sr
 Birth: 1755
 Virginia, USA
 Death: Aug., 1825
 Anderson County
 Tennessee, USA
  Son of Paul Chiles who died in 1761 in Halifax County, Virginia and his wife Anne Horsley, daughter of Robert Horsley & Frances Bassett.
  Rowland's birth is estimated and he may have been born in Albemarle or Henry County, Virginia, as we find records of his father there around the time of his birth. The date shown here for his death was found in records from a lawsuit filed by his grandson, James H. Sawyers, located at the Tennessee State Library Archives. I have not found any document showing his exact date of death.
  His parents moved to Halifax County, Virginia where we find Rowland mentioned in his father's will:
  "Will of Paul Chiles
 Halifax County, Virginia
 Transcription by Gloria J. Tune 27 March 2015
  Halifax County Will Book O, 1753-1772, pages 129-131
  02 September 1761
 "In the name of God Amen. I Paul Chiles of Halifax County being in good health, sense and memory do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following.
  Item - I give to my son Rowland Chiles, not yet baptized, the remainder part of the land I now live on after my wife's decease, also one hundred and ten acres at the mouth of Buttun(sic) Town Creek, also seventy acres on Sycamore Creek in Halifax County, also a negro boy named Mat, also a negro boy named Essex, all to him and his heirs forever."
  Rowland Horsley Chiles married twice. His first wife was Nancy(said to be Nancy Sandlin) and they had four known children:
 Major John Chiles; Sarah Chiles Frost; Anna Chiles Frost & Paul Chiles Sr.
  His second wife was Amelia Frost. They married on 24 Feb 1791 in Washington County, VA & had six known children: Thomas Frost Chiles, Phoebe Chiles Rogers, Elizabeth Chiles Sawyer, Rowland Horsley Chiles, Jr., Henry Chiles & Micajah Chiles.
  Rest in peace.
  For you Mama, with much love.
  Family links:
 Parents:
 Paul Chiles (1710 - 1761)
 Anne Horsley Chiles (1715 - ____)
  Spouses:
 Nancy Sandlin Chiles (1760 - 1790)
 Amelia Frost Chiles (1772 - 1850)*
  Children:
 John Chiles (1782 - 1846)*
 Anna Chiles Frost (1785 - 1853)*
 Paul Chiles (1787 - 1879)*
 Thomas Frost Chiles (1791 - 1865)*
 Rowland Horsley Childs (1794 - 1881)*
 Phebe Chiles Rogers (1795 - 1860)*
  Burial:
 Body lost or destroyed
 Specifically: Likely buried on his homestead or a local cemetery-research ongoing
  Created by: Gloria Tune
 Record added: May 08, 2016
 Find A Grave Memorial# 162351958
  *************************
 Mentioned in the will of his father Paul Chiles.......
  Will of Paul Chiles
 Halifax County, Virginia
 Transcription by Gloria J. Tune 27 March 2015
  Halifax County Will Book O, 1753-1772, pages 129-131
  02 September 1761
 In the name of God Amen. I Paul Chiles of Halifax County being in good health, sense and memory do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following.
  Item - I lend my loving wife Anne Chiles all my land where I now dwell during her life....................
  .............................
  Item - I give to my son Rowland Chiles, not yet baptised, the remainder part of the land I now live on after my wife's decease, also one hundred and ten acres at the mouth of Buttun(sic) Town Creek, also seventy acres on Sycamore Creek in Halifax County, also a negro boy named Mat, also a negro boy named Essex, all to him and his heirs forever.
  .........................
  my loving wife Anne Chiles, John Chiles and Capt. John Ward my Executors of this my last Will and Testament, revoking all former wills or legacies heretofore made, In Witness whereof I hereunto set my hand and affix my seal this second day of September 1761.
  (signed) Paul Chiles (seal)
  In the presence of
 William Cadwell
 R. Robinson Hunt
 his
 William W Glass
 mark
  At a Court held for Halifax County the 19th day of March 1761/62
 This will was presented in Court by Ann Chiles, John Chiles and John Ward, Executrix and Executors of therein appointed who made oath thereto and the same being proved by the oath of the sworn witnesses so subscribed was ordered to be recorded and certificate granted the said Executrix and Executors for obtaining a Probate thereof in due form, they having with Clement Read and Paul Carrington their securities entered into and acknowledged Bond according to Law.
  By the Court
 Robert Munford, Clk
  *****Note that Executor John Ward was the brother-in law of Paul Chiles.
  ***********************************
 Results of atDNA(Autosomal) tests from a 4th great grandson of Frances Chiles Breeden, & a 5th great grandson of Rowland Horsley Chiles (who would be Frances' 5th great grand nephew), showing they are 6th cousins:
  10 December 2014
 Chromosome Start Location End Location centiMorgans (cM) # of Matching SNPs
 1 44805958 47175419 1.08 500
 2 233444593 234432885 1.56 500
 3 164180827 167914407 1.67 500
 6 56460410 64197956 1.79 500
 9 110009598 111469140 2.91 500
 10 83739866 85442083 1.87 500
 11 55884657 57826280 2.01 500
 13 66665330 68690117 2.78 500
 15 47020670 57736289 13.34 2900
  Source:
 Family Tree DNA testing website at https://www.familytreedna.com
  ***************************
 Lunenburg County was established on May 1, 1746, from Brunswick County.
  Halifax County was established in 1752 by English colonists from Lunenburg County.
  Pittsylvania County was formed in 1767 from Halifax County.
  Washington County was formed in 1776 from Fincastle County.
  In 1777 the western part of Pittsylvania County became Patrick Henry County.
  Patrick County was formed in 1791, when Patrick Henry County was divided into Patrick County and Henry County.
  Prior to the formation of Patrick County, one of the Virginia colony's first frontier forts lay within the boundaries of what was then Halifax County on the banks of the North Mayo River.
  *******************
 Daughters of the American Revolution
 Chiles, Rowland
 Ancestor #: A212313
 Service: Virginia
 Rank(s): Patriotic Service
 Birth: Ante 9-2-1761 - Halifax Co. Virginia
 Death: 1825 - Anderson Co. Tennessee
 Service Source: Library of Virginia, Henry County Personal Property Tax, 1783, Reel 175
 Service Description: 1) Paid Supply Tax, 1783
 Source:
 http://services.dar.org
  ===
 Virginia 1783 Personal Property Tax and 1783 Land Tax
 A portion of the 1783 Virginia personal property tax and land tax went to support the war effort. Thus, if an ancestor is listed as having paid the personal property tax or land tax in Virginia in 1783, he or she qualifies for patriotic service.
  Name: Chiles, Rowland
 County: Henry
 Source:
 http://www.learnwebskills.com/patriot/va1783taxc.htm
  ***************
 The History of Pittsylvania County, Virginia, page 3
 By Maud Carter Clement
 In June, 1641, Walter Austin, Rice Hoe, Joseph and WALTER CHILES(4) petitioned the General Assembly "for leave and encouragement to undertake the discovery of a new river of unknown lands bearing west southerly from Appomattox River." Their petition(5) was granted in March, 1642, with a right to enjoy all profit from their adventure for fourteen years. "West southerly" from Appomattox would lead to Pittsylvania and its vicinity, where the Sapony and Occaneechi Indians lived, who were famed for their trade."
  (4) Walter Chiles, Sr., emigrated to Virginia before 1638, and was granted lands in Charles City County, along the appomattox River. He served as a member of the House of Burgesses for ten years, was Speaker of the Assembly and a member of the Council. He died in 1653 leaving a son Walter Chiles, Jr. More than a hundred years later John, Henry and ROWLAND CHILES, descendants of Walter Chiles, made their homes in this section where their forefather was granted the right to trade with the Indians. (Va. Mag. History, Vol. 19, p. 105.)
  (5) Hening's "Statutes," Vol. I, p. 262.
  Source:
 https://books.google.com
  *************************
 05 August 1763
  Walter Chiles of Jamestown
 by Joannie Chiles Eakin
 page 49
 This Indenture made this fifth day of August in the year of our Lord Christ One thousand Seven hundred and Sixty three. Between John Payne of the County of Goochland of the one Part and Anne Chiles, Henry Chiles and Rowland Chiles of the County of Halifax of the Other Part. Witnesseth that whereas Paul Chiles of the County of Halifax Dec'd in his lifetime by his certain Indenture bearing date the thirtyth day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty seven did convey unto the said John Payne a certain tract or parcel of land situate lying and being in the aforesaid county of Halifax containing two hundred and thirty four acres by particular metes and bounds as is there on set for and expressed as by the said indenture of record in the court of the said county of Halifax relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear and afterwards towit on the.........
 Source:
 https://books.google.com
  In reference to this deed....
 Halifax County Deed Book 1, 1752-1759, 30 Nov 1758: Paul Chiles of the County of Bedford to John Payne of the County of Goochland two tracts of parcels of land in the County of Halifax on the South side of The "Staunton River containing Two hundred and thirty four Acres. One hundred and four Acres part thereof Granted to Henry Chiles by Patent bearing date the first Day of August One thousand seven hundred and forty five."
  *****************
 1776
 "Hudson Johnson's travel Route North Carolina is unknown at this time..... in 1776 he is living in Henry Co. Va with one William Johnson of Bufallo Creek and their neighbor is ROWLAND CHILES."
 Source:
 http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/TNHUMPHR/2007-06/1182277583
  ************************
 16 October 1776
 Image 8
 Petitioning in Eighteenth-Century Virginia
 The Church and State Debate
 In the years following the Revolution, petitions played a vital role in registering widespread political opinion on important questions of public policy and religion. The ultimate stakes were the disestablishment of the Church of England and the possibility of a newfound commitment to full religious freedom for all citizens of the independent commonwealth. The most notable example is the famous "Ten-thousand Name" petition, presented during the first General Assembly session on October 16, 1776. Asking for disestablishment of the Church of England as well as religious equality, this document consisted of 125 pages sewn or joined together with wax seals, and was signed by an unprecedented ten thousand Virginia citizens. With other petitions, this enormous manuscript began the debate over the relationship of church and state in Virginia.
 Among the many signatures are those of:
  Early Virginia Religious Petitions
 October 16, 1776, Miscellaneous, "Ten-thousand name" petition by Dissenters from whole state, for ending established church, and for institution of religious equality.
 No. 3
 Roland Chiles, John Chiles, & William Chiles - Listed next to Roland Chiles is Richard Breeding(sic)
 Source:
 https://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage
  ===
 The above document was also mentioned in the Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 35, Number 2, page 110 published May 1997 under the heading "Legislative Petitions: The Ten Thousand Name Petition".
  ***************
 08 November 1783
 The below deed is located in
 Pittsylvania County, Virginia
 Deed Book 7, pages 152-153
 Source:
 Walter Chiles of Jamestown, page 53
 Compiled by Joanne Webb Chiles Eakin, 1983
  ===
 William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Volume 16,page 286
 Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Richard Lee Morton
 William and Mary College., 1908
 Harvard University
 Digitized 26 November 2007
  "I find that Rowland Chiles, of Henry County, Va., and Nancy Chiles, his wife, sold land in Pittsylvania County, in November, 1783, to Richard Davis; "being the lower part of the land devised the said Rowland Chiles by his father in his will."
  I also find Francis(sic) Chiles selling land in Pittsylvania County in 1773; and Micajah Chiles engaged in a suit against Arthur Hopkins in Pittsylvania County in 1774; suit dismissed.
  Ann Chiles, sister of Henry, John and Paul Chiles, married Major John Ward, of "The Mansion," Campbell County, Virginia.
 Source:
 https://books.google.com
  *************
 1785
 "In 1785 Henry County Tithes William Johnson lived by Rowland Chiles a Descendant of Walter Chiles Ship Owner era of 1620 of early Virginia. The Chile (Childs) Families, Joseph Johnson and Michael Holland were given large land grants in what was then Amelia County."
 Source:
 http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/VAAMHERS/2006-06/1149960230
  ********************
 24 March 1785
 Collier Collator, Volumes 5-7, page 138
 Collier Clark Publications, 1989
 32. Henry County, Virginia
 Deed Book 3, page 80
 "ROWLAND CHILES. Land along Bartlet Foley's survey line and William Martin's corner. Rowland Chiles' wife Nancy relinquishes her dower."
 Source:
 https://books.google.com
  *******************
 Washington County, Virginia was formed in 1776 from Fincastle County, Virginia.............
  Washington County, VA Survey records abstracts
 1781-1797 Part 5 of 5 (pages 401-500)
 Submitted to the USGenWeb archives and copyrighted by
 Rhonda Robertson [email protected]
  29 September 1794
 Page 413 - Rowland Chiles, assignee of John Burk - 40 ac - treasury warrant #11782 - in the Poor Valley
 above John Kindricks land on Lick Branch, a water of the north fork of Holstein River - beginning on a spur
 of Clinch Mountain, corner to Kindrick's land - crossing the Poor Valley - September 29, 1794
  18 December 1794 & 17 April 1795
 Page 423 - John Fleming - 12,000 ac - 2 treasury warrants - on the waters of the north fork of Holstein
 River - excluding 320 ac, Ruben Young 135 ac by survey, Charles Campbell 100 ac by entry, Rowland
 Chiles 40 ac by survey, John Boman 50 ac by survey all lying in the Poor Valley - corner to the land John
 Kindrick now lives on - near Joseph Frost's line - on John Frost's line - corner to Hawkins land - corner to
 Lindars land - corner to Goble's land - corner to Mungle's land - crossing many branches of Moccyson
 Creek - 9009 acres by warrant #989 dated December 18, 1794 and 2091 acres by warrant #1183 dated February 14, 1795 - April 17, 1795
  26 April 1795
 Page 437 - Ezekiel Hobbs - 29 ac - treasury warrant #10179 dated December 22, 1791 - on the south side of
 the land he now lives on - corner to Chiles land - April 26, 1795
  Source:
 http://files.usgwarchives.net/va/washington/deeds/surv1005.txt
  *****This is likely referring to the Holston, not "Holstein" river that flows from Kingsport, Tennessee, to Knoxville, Tennessee. Along with its three major forks (North Fork, Middle Fork and South Fork), it comprises a major river system that drains much of northeastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, and northwestern North Carolina. The Holston's confluence with the French Broad River at Knoxville marks the beginning of the Tennessee River.
 The North Fork flows 138 miles (222 km) southwest from Sharon Springs in Bland County, Virginia. The Middle Fork flows 56.5 miles (90.9 km) from near the western border of Wythe County, Virginia, joining the South Fork in Washington County, Virginia, southeast of Abingdon. The South Fork rises near Sugar Grove in Smyth County and flows 112 miles (180 km) southwest to join the North Fork at Kingsport.[6]
  [6] "Holston River - South Fork". Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.
  ******************
 1788-1795
 Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800
 Index - page 1657
 Chiles, Rowland, 1207
 Childs, Roland, 1283
 Chiles, Roland, 1307
  Washington County. Minutes of the County Court
 page 1283
 Washington County
 Page 100. 23 August 1788. Drury Fletcher to Roland Chiles. 150 pounds. 272 acres on a branch of the Middle Fork of Holston, patented to Joel Hobbs.
  page 1207
 Date: 29 September 1794
 Grantee: Chiles, Rowland
 Acres: 40
 Location: Poor Valley
  page 1307
  Page 387 16 February 1795. Roland Chiles to Henry Chiles. 50 pounds. 40 acres on the north side of the North Fork of Holston River.
  Page 387 16 February 1795. Roland Chiles to John Kendrick. 50 pounds. 50 acres on the north side of the North Fork of Holston.
  Page 388. 16 February 1795. Roland Chiles to Ezekial Hobbs. 155 pounds. 182 acres on the south side of the North Fork of Holston River
  ===
 1788-1795
 Annals of Southwest Virginia 1769-1800 Part 2
 Bried of Deeds-Washington County Record of Deeds No. 1
  page 1283
 Washington County
 Page 100. 23 August 1788. Drury Fletcher to Roland Chiles. 150 pounds. 272 acres on a branch of the Middle Fork of Holston, patented to Joel Hobbs.
  page 1307
  Page 387 16 February 1795. Roland Chiles to Henry Chiles. 50 pounds. 40 acres on the north side of the North Fork of Holston River.
  Page 387 16 February 1795. Roland Chiles to John Kendrick. 50 pounds. 50 acres on the north side of the North Fork of Holston.
  Page 388. 16 February 1795. Roland Chiles to Ezekial Hobbs. 155 pounds. 182 acres on the south side of the North Fork of Holston River
  Source Information:
 Ancestry.com. Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.
 Original data: Summers, Lewis Preston. Annals of Southwest Virginia, 1769-1800. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996.
  ***************
 07 January 1799
 LDS film #503048, Book E-1, page 429, William Roberson to Roland Chiles/Childes for $650, 260 acres on Bever (sic) Creek, bounding William Standifer, witnessed by Page Postwood, and Thomas Frost. Dated 7 Jan 1799.
 Source:
 http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~morrgary/families/robertson/tbl_robertson_james_pg6.html
  *************************
 References found online for the following books published by the Iberian Publishing Company found at http://genealogyresources.org/Halifax.html
  Halifax County, Virginia
  ENTRY RECORD BOOK [1], 1737-1770 (Land entries in the present Virginia counties of Halifax, Pittsylvania, Henry, Franklin, & Patrick) transcribed by Marian Dodson Chiarito. 1984. This book contains land entries in the western portion of the original Brunswick County. The area concerned was south of Blackwater Creek and Roanoke-Stanton River, west of Aaron's Creek (which divides Mecklenburg and Halifax counties), and extended to the Blue Ridge Mountains. The North Carolina line was the southern boundary. A complete index of all names, watercourses, mountains, etc.
  page 387
 Chiles, Paul - 97, 124,125, 140, 141, 147, 149, 152, 153, 163, 184, 353
  Chiles, Ann - 227
 Chiles, Rowland - 227 [note this record is also listed in Pittsylvania County & Henry County, Virginia]
  ===
 ENTRY RECORD BOOK [2], 1770-1796 (Land entries in the present Virginia counties of Pittsylvania, Henry, Franklin, & Patrick) transcribed by Marian Dodson Chiarito. 1988. This book is a sequel to Entry Record Book [1], 1737-1770, published in 1984. The watercourses listed in the index indicate that the area for this volume was Pittsylvania County as it existed in 1770. Pittsylvania was formed from Halifax County in 1767. The map included with the book gives names of most of the early watercourses, and makes possible the location of land entries, adjoining landowners, and other points of interest. A complete index of all names, watercourses, mountains, etc. is provided.
  page 110
 Chiles, 11, 97, 102, 103, 105
 Chiles, Rowland - 31
 Chiles, Henry - 20
 Chiles, John - 31, 63, 75, 104
  ===
 HALIFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA, DEED BOOKS 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6, 1759-1767 transcribed by Marian Dodson Chiarito. 1989. A continuation of the above.
 page 192
 Chiles, Ann, Henry, Paul & Rowland - 105
  ===
 HALIFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA, WILL BOOK 0, 1752-1773 transcribed by Marian Dodson Chiarito. 1982
 page 66
  Chiles, Anne - 16, 17, 29, 37
 Chiles, Elizabeth - 17
 Chiles, Frances - 17
 Chiles, Henry - 16, 17, 37
 Chiles, John 17, 29
 Chiles, Mrs. 29
 Chiles, Paul 4, 16, 17, 29, 37
 Chiles, Rowland 17
  ===
 HALIFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA TITHABLES AND VOTERS, 1755-1780 transcribed by Mary Bondurant Warren. 1990 and LIST OF VOTERS FOR ELECTIONS OF BURGESSES, 1764-1769 transcribed by Marian Dodson Chiarito. 1986 does not show a Chiles listing.
  ===
 Washington County, Virginia
  WASHINGTON CO. VIRGINIA DEED BOOK 1, 1778-1797 Restored and transcribed by Jack Hockett, compiled by Donald Helton. 2012, vi, 329 pages, index. Drawing upon numerous resources to obtain a legible copy, Jack Hockett has restored to the genealogical community the very first deed book for Washington County, Virginia. The importance of this work cannot be over-emphasized. For at least a brief few years this deed book was vital to establishing residents not only in Washington county itself,but also outside the confines of today's reduced Washington County, including Russell, Lee, Scott, Wise, and Tazewell Counties. It includes numerous references to early migration to Tennessee and Kentucky. Also from the new work comes references which demonstrate that no more than twenty percent of the earliest settlers in the region were from direct migration westward by pioneers from the eastern English counties; the greater majority were scattered among areas like the Northeast (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, etc) as well as numerous settler from North Carolina. This is a very important work for documenting the earliest land deeds in southwestern Virginia. Hockett has examined not only the deficient 1953 film of the book, but he has elicited numerous reputable sources to fil in the blanks as well as confirming much material from the fragile original copy in Abingdon.
  page 308
 CHILES
 Amelia -189, 190
 Emilow -189
 Emlow -190
 Henry -189
 Roland -189, 190
 Rowland -189
  ******************
 Note the Knox County, Tennessee U. S. census records of 1800, 1810 & 1820 are lost, as are the U. S. census records for Anderson & Roane County, Tennessee for 1810 & 1820. Many marriage licenses issued in Roane County before 1838 have been lost; others were destroyed during the Civil War. Anderson county suffered lack of marriage records: 1801 to 1837.
 Source:
 https://familysearch.org/wiki
  ====
 1804
 Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895
 Knox County, Tennessee - Tax Lists 1804, page 4
 A list of Taxables & Taxable property in Captain Childs Company the Year 1804
 County: Knox
 Year: 1804
 Name: Childs, Roling
 Acres: 818
 Situation: Beaver Creek
 White Polls: 2
 Black Polls: 3
  ===
 1806
 Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895
 Knox County, 1806
 The East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications, page 80
  5. Captain Chiles Company
 Name:
 Chiles, Roland (*100)
 Column 1: Acres - 600
 Column 2: Free polls - 1
 Column 3: Slaves - 3
  (*100) notation at bottom of page - Died 1825 in Anderson Co., Tenn. Knoxville Register, August 7, 1844
  Source Information:
 Ancestry.com. Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.
 Original data: Early Tax Lists of Tennessee. Microfilm, 12 rolls. The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, Tennessee.
  ===
 Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895
 All listings for Chiles or Childs in Anderson County, Tennessee
 Amelia Chiles
 1837 Anderson
  Roland Chiles
 1837 Anderson
  Rowland Chiles
 1837 Anderson
  Amelia Chiles
 1838 Anderson
  Henry Chiles
 1838 Anderson
  John Chiles
 1838 Anderson
  Roland Chiles
 1838 Anderson
  Amelia Chiles
 1839 Anderson
  Henry Chiles
 1839 Anderson
  John Chiles
 1839 Anderson
  Roland Chiles
 1839 Anderson
  John Chiles
 1837 Anderson
  and for the Childs and Chiles spelling found in Knox County.....
  John Childs
 1804 Knox
  Roling Childs
 1804 Knox
  Solomon Childs
 1842 Knox
  John Chiles
 1806 Knox
  Roland Chiles
 1806 Knox
  John Chiles
 1836 Knox
  Paul Chiles
 1836 Knox
  ***********Anderson County was partitioned from a portion of Grainger County, Tennessee as well as a portion of Knox County, Tennessee on November 6, 1801; neighboring Roane County, Tennessee, was also formed from a portion of Knox County, Tennessee, in 1801, making Anderson and Roane counties effectively called 'sister counties'.
 Source:
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anderson_County,_Tennessee#cite_note-5.
 Original source:
 Wells, Emma Middleton (1927). History of Roane County, Tennessee, Volume 1. The Lookout Publishing Company. pp. 9-11. ISBN 0-8063-8003-9.
  ****************
 07 January 1813
 From Mary S. Harris
 Anderson County, Tennessee Historian
 Transcription from Roane County, Tennessee Deed Book D, page 260
  "On January 7, 1813 Rowland Chiles purchased from Samuel Eblen 650 acres of land in Roane County on the main road that leads from Kingston to Knoxville, beginning at a white oak on Caney Creek and thence down said creek 59 poles to Morrow's line, thence on said line 97 poles; thence south 36 west 59 poles, thence north 56 west 32 poles to a stake, thence south 55 east 80 poles to a stake on James Thomas' line, thence on said line sourth 78 east 200 poles, thence up the creek under the ridge on James Thomas; line to John Eblen's line, to first branch below Fulton's house thence up said branch known as Schoolhouse Branch up said hollow to Knoxville Road, thence up said road to John Chiles' line - to Cunningham's line.
  Witnesses: John Walker and Talton Brannum
 Later, sold to James McCown 140 acres bounded by Wm. McNutt
 Land on Wolf Creek including land from Benj. Branham.
 John Matclock to Asa Adams"
  ************************
 Roane County, Tennessee
 Deed index, vol. 1 (A-Z), 1801-1887
 General Index to Warranty Deeds
 Film #: 007901452
 Film/DGS: 560104
 Located at https://familysearch.org
  Image 60
 Eblen, Samuel to Rowland Chiles
 Deed Book D, page 260
  image 36
 Chiles, Rowland to John McCown
 Deed Book E, page 54
  Image 37
 Chiles, Rowland to Asa Adams
 Deed Book F, page 234
  *************************
 1824
 Tennessee, Supreme Court Case Index, 1809-1950
 Name: Roling Chiles
 Other Party: Simon Derrick
 Case Name: Roling Chiles v. Simon Derrick
 Civil Year: 1824
 Civil Place: Roane, Tennessee, USA
 Cause of Action: Trespass and Damages
 Court of Origin: Circuit - Civil
 Division: East
 Range: 7
 Section: H
 Shelf: 4
 Box Number: 731
 URL:http://tnsos.org/tsla/SupremeC...
 Source Information Ancestry.com. Web: Tennessee, Supreme Court Case Index, 1809-1950 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
 Original data: Tennessee Supreme Court Cases. Tennessee State Library and Archives, Research and Collections. http://tnsos.org/tsla/SupremeCourtCases/index.php: accessed 22 August 2013.
  **********************
 10 October 1825
 From
 Mary S. Harris
 Anderson County, Tennessee Historian
  Monday October 10, 1825
 Anderson County, Tennessee
 "Ordered by the Court that John Chiles and Emilia Chiles have leave to administer on the Estate of Rowland Chiles deceased who entered into bond with Wiley Young & David Farmer in the sum of twelve thousand dollars.....and then took the necesary oath......"
  "Ordered by the Court that Samuel Davidson, John Taylor & Ruben Golden be commissioners to lay off and designate so much of the estate of Rowland Chiles deceased as will support the widow Emilia Chiles and family, for one year and report to the next term of the Court and also that they lay off & designate the widow Chiles.....(rest is missing)"
  **************************
 October 1825
 Transcribed by Gloria J. Tune
 From photocopy of document
 sent by Mary S. Harris, Anderson County Historian
 04 September 2016
  Page 438
 10 October 1825
 Anderson County, Tennessee
 Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions
 Inventory of the estate of Rowland Horsley Chiles, Sr., deceased
  �The following inventory was returned by John Chiles and Amelia Chiles Administrator & Administratrix of the Estate of Rowland Chiles Deceased. Eleven Negroes, six horse bracts(?), about twenty head of cattle, thirty head of hogs, five head of sheep, sixteen geese, one waggon, two pair of stretchers, five pair of gears, nine ploughs, seven hoes, one mattock, five axes, two iron wedges, four log chains, one crosscut saw, one handsaw, three augers, one chisel, one drawing knife, two hammers, one sledge hammer, one gringstone, two stills, six tubs, two rifle guns, five feather beds and furniture and bedsteads, three tables, two half rounds, two cupboards, one beaurow, two chests and one trunk, six chares, four cotton wheels and one flax wheel, one large kettle, three pots and two ovens, one tea kettle, two skillets, two smothering irons, one pair of of fire logs, one pair of steelyards, one coffee mill, one spice morter, one jersey yoke and three stone jugs, four pewter dishes, five bowls and twelve plates, some cupboard ware, knives, forks and spoons, two looking glasses, one slate, some small books, one loome slays and gears, three sithes, one cradle, one small cotton machine washing tub, one pail, two pigins, one ____, one chck seed(?), three bells, fifty pounds tobacco, three blind bridels, two riding bridels, 3 sickels, 4 beehives, 1 barel, 4 kegs, five shovels & tongs, 2 half ba___ measure 2 pecks, 2 � pecks crop of corn ______, 1000 bushel crop of oats, 150 doz 45 bushel of wheat, some rye, flax, wool & hemp, 1000 pounds of cotton, one order of 20 dollars to be paid in mill write work on Paul Poulston, desperate balance of a note on Thomas F. Chiles of 10 dollars, balance of a due bill on Wm. Eblin for $19.75, a due bill on Joseph Frost for $10.62 �, desperate balance of a note on L. K. Sawyer of $38.55, desperate one crop cook(?), crop of potatoes, crop of rice�
  State of Tennessee
 Anderson County
 "I John Key Clerk of the County Court for the County of Anderson County, by my deputy Charles G. Oliver, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the Inventory returned into Court by John Chiles and Amelia Chiles administrator and administratrix of the estate of Rowland Chiles deceased as appears of Record now on file in my office -
 Given under my hand at office in Clinton this 16th of November 1844
 S/ John Key
 By his Deputy C. G. Oliver
  ******************
 12 January 1835
 Rowland Horsley Chiles Sr.
 Division of Estate
 12 January 1835
 Transcription by Gloria J. Tune
 from copy of original document
 23 May 2015
 (Some punctuation added for ease of reading)
  Anderson County, Tennessee
 Court Minutes Book 1831-1838, pages 290-291
 12 January 1835
 The commissioners appointed at the last term of the Court to make partition amongst the legal heirs & representatives of Rowland Chiles deceased this day made their reports in the following word & figures to wit -
  Whereas we Samuel Davidson, Jonathan Scarborough, William Davidson, John Nichol & Samuel C. Young having been appointed by the worshipful Court of Anderson County as Commissioners to view, lay off and make partition of a tract of land, the property of Rowland Chiles deceased, being first sworn by the Sheriff of Anderson County we having surveyed, viewed and examined the land aforesaid and find that there is only two legal representatives who represents the interest claim & demand of ten several legatees. The representatives being in the person of Richard Oliver who represents seven legal shares or claims and the person of Elizabeth Sieber late Elizabeth Chiles who represent three legal shares or claims.
  Having thus surveyed, viewed & examined the land as aforesaid on the 11th & 12th days of December 1834 we find the tract of land to contain two hundred & fifty four acres exclusive of the widows dower.
  We now make, partition and divide as follows: to Richard Oliver the legal representative of John Chiles, Anny Frost wife of Joshua Frost, Paul Chiles, Sarah Frost late wife of Joseph Frost, Thomas Chiles, Rowland Chiles & Henry Chiles we give the lower end of the tract including the cleared land on the river bounded as follows: beginning on the river bank at the corner of the widow's dower running north twenty eight & one half degrees west, one hundred & six poles to a stake on the back and then south thirty five degrees east, thirty nine poles to a dogwood, thence south eighteen degrees east, one hundred poles to the river bank, then up the several courses of the river to the beginning containing seventy acres. Also one other tract on the river bounded as follows: beginning on a post oak and cedar near Wm. Davidson's fence thence running south thirty five degrees east, one hundred & fifty poles to a double dogwood on the line of the widow's dower, then sixty poles to the back line of the old tract, then running with the old lines to the beginning containing thirty acres, one rod & twenty seven & a half poles, it with the addition of $35.00 being equal in value to seven tenths of the land before mentioned.
  We also give to Elizabeth Sieber late Elizabeth Chiles, wife of Micaja Chiles deceased who represents the heirs of Micajah Chiles, Phebe Rogers late wife of Edward Rogers & Elizabeth Sawyers late wife of Larkin R. Sawyers the remaining upper end of the tract including the upland and what is called the rainy Knob(?) bounded as follows: beginning on the river bank on two sickamores corner to Samuel Davidson, running south eighty five west, forty poles to a poplar thence south eighty eight west, one hundred thirty four poles to an ash and white oak in a mash(sic) then south thirty seven west, sixty poles to a post oak and cedar which is one of Oliver's corners then with that line to the line of the dower, then with the line of the dower to the river, then up the river to the beginning, it being $35 more than three tenths of the premises in value containing one hundred and sixty eight acres, two rods and twelve and a half poles.
  Given under our hands and seals this 12 January 1835.
  Samuel Davidson (seal)
 William Davidson (seal)
 John Nickle (seal)
 Jonathan Scarborough (seal)
 Samuel C. Young (seal)
 Surveyor & Commissioner
  ====
 30 July 1846
 Photocopies on file...........
 Transcribed by Gloria J. Tune
 15 September 2016
 Located at http://supreme-court-cases.tennsos.org/
  Tennessee Supreme Court Cases
 Tennessee State Library and Archives
 Research and Collections
  This is regarding a lawsuit filed against the heirs of Rowland Chiles, deceased, grandfather of James H. Sawyers the Complainant.
  Date: Filed by complainant James H. Sawyers on 15 July 1844 ; Filed 30 July 1846; Affirmed 02 August 1847; compromised by the parties 29 October 1847
 Case Name: James H. Sawyers, admr. of Elizabeth Sawyers, dec. v. John Chiles & Amelia Chiles, admrs. of Rowland Chiles, dec.
 County: Claiborne
 Cause/Crime: Estate Dispute
 Case Description: Includes Grainger County. Dispute re: estate of Rowland, who left widow Amelia & children John (referred to as Major), Paul, Ann (m. Joshua Frost), Thomas, Rowland, Henry, Micajah, Phebe (m. Edward Rogers), & Elizabeth (m. Larkin R. Sawyers; now dec.). James sued to get accounting of Rowland's estate & dispute sale of estate slaves. Elizabeth's adult children (besides James): Mary, John, Thomas (guardian for minor children: Micajah, Wm, Elbert, Amelia, Edwin), Sarah (married Joseph Frost), others.
 Division: East
 Location: Range: 9, Section: D, Shelf: 1, Box Number: 1127
 # Pages: 61
  page 1
 "The said Bill is as follows - To the Hon. Chancellor for the Eastern Division of the State of Tennessee sitting in Chancery at Tazwell, for the Districe composed of the Counties of Grainger and Claiborne -
 Humbly complaining sheweth unto your Honor - your Orator James H. Sawyers the administrator upon all and singular the goods, and chattles, rights, and credits which are of Elizabeth Sawyers deceased, the said James H. Sawyers being a citizen and resident of Claiborne County - Humbly complaining represents to your Honor that his said intestate was a daughter of Rowland Childs who in the year 1825 departed this life intestate in the County of
  page 2
 Anderson in the State of Tennessee, leaving a considerable, and real estate, mostly situate in said County of Anderson; said Rowland Chiles left a widow Amelia who resides in Anderson County, and children John Chiles, who resides in Anderson County, Paul Chiles who resides in Giles County, Ann who intermarried with Joshua Frost who resides in Anderson County, Thomas Chiles and Rowland whom reside in the State of Illinois, Henry Chiles who resides in Anderson County, Micajah Chiles who formerly resided in Anderson County, but who is dead, as your Orator understands, leaving children in the said County, whose names and ages are unknown to your Orator, nor is it known to your Orator whether they have any Guardians; Phebe who intermarried with Edward Rogers, and who resides in the State of Mississippi, Elizabeth the intestate who was the mother of your Orator, and who intermarried with Larkin R. Sawyers, and who departed this life in the State of Alabama on the 23rd day of June 1841, leaving her said husband Larkin R. Sawyers and Thomas S. W., your Orator James H. Rowland, Mary Jane, John Richard, Micajah, William, Elbert, Amelia, and Edwin Sawyers, all of whom with their father the said Larkin R. Sawyers reside in Claiborne County, Tennessee, the four first named are of age, the remainder are minors who have for their guardian Thomas S. W. Sawyers; Sarah who intermarried with Joseph Frost, both of who are dead, leaving children to wit: Thomas Frost who resides in Jackson County, Alabama, Sarah(sic) who intermarried with Pleasant Garner, and who resides in Anderson County, Ann who intermarried with some person whose name and residence is to your Orator unknown; and then are other children of the said Sarah Frost, whose names and residences your Orator has not hitherto been able to discover."
  page 3
 "Your Orator states that about the month of August 1825, Rowland Childs, having died as before stated, leaving children and grand children, as before stated, and personal estate as is also herein before stated, administration upon his personal estate was by the County Court of Anderson County commited to Amelia Chiles, the widow of the intestate, and to John Chiles a son of the intestate, who at the October Term of said Court where they were appointed gave bond and security, in the sum of eight thousand dollars, and qualified and returned an inventory consisting of 11 Negroes, 6 head of horses, 30 head of cattle, 1000 bushels of corn, 150 dozen of oats, and a vanty of other articles of personal estate, including some small debts - "
  page 12
 "The record filed with the bill and mentioned therein is as follows - "Be it remembered that at a Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions opened
  page 13
 and held for the County of Anderson at the Court house in Clinton upon the second Monday of October in the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred and twenty five, being the tenth day of said month, then was present William McKermy, John Chiles, Samuel Davidson, Buck Weaver, Obediah Buck, Enoch Foster, Robert Galbraith & Aaron Slover Esquires -
 Ordered by the Court that John Chiles and Amelia Chiles have leave to administer on the estate of Rowland Chiles deceased, who entered into bond with Wiley Young & David Farmer in the penal sum of twelve thousand dollars, & then took the necessary oath."
  page 14
 January Sessions of said Court 1828
 "John Chiles returned into court the amount of sales of the estate of Rowland Chiles deceased, which is four thousand one hundred and nine dollars forty two and half cents."
  page 48
 09 August 1845
 Deposition of Larkin R. Sawyers
 "I have this day proceeded to take the deposition of Larkin R. Sawyers on behalf of the Complainant; said L. R. Sawyers being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God to speak the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; deponeth answerith, aged about 68 years. State what you know of a debt due from Blankenship to the estate of Rowland Chiles, who lived in Alabama, &
  page 49
 "what amount was paid to his administrator - Answer: I understand from William Blankenship, a son of Edmund Blakenship, that after the death of his father, that Major John Chiles came down and received the money."
  page 54
 Relinquishment by Larkin R. Sawyers
 04 December 1845
 He reliquishes any right to the estate of Rowland Chiles, deceased "in consideration for the natural love and affection I have for my chidren hereafter named.........Thomas L. W. Sawyers, James H. Sawyers, R. M. F. Sawyers, John M. Sawyers, Mary J. Sawyers, Richard M. J Sawyers, M. B. Sawyers, W. W. Sawyers, E. S. Sawyers, E. A. Sawyers and E. R. Sawyers
  page 55
 The case was subsequently decided in favor or the complainant....
 Interlocutory Decree
 "Be it remembered that this cause came on to be heard on this fifth day of December 1845, before the Honorable Thomas S. Williams Chancellor....."
  page 56
 "From which decree of the Court ordering an account, the defendants pay an appeal to the next Term of the Supreme court, to be held at Knoxville, the second Monday of September 1846, and the Chanceller being of opinion that it is proper said appeal ought to be allowed, before incurring the cost of the account, is pleased to grant said appeal, on bond and security being given, which bond is executed, and said appeal granted -
  page 57
 "The bond executed by the defendants for the appeal is as follows -
 Know all men by these presents, that we John Chiles, Amelia Chiles and Sarah R. Rodgers, are held and firmly bound unto James H. Sawyers administrator in the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars, well and truly to be paid for which we bind our heirs. The condition of the above bond is such that whereas the said John Chiles for himself and others, have this day prayed an appeal from a decree rendered by the Chancellor, ordering an account to the next Supreme Court, to be held at Knoxville - Now if the said John Chiles shall with effect prosecute said appeal with effect - or if he fail therein, then will and truly pay all such costs as shall be decree against them for failure, then this bond to be void, otherwise to remain in full force and effect.
 Given under our hands and seals, this 5th day of December 1845.
 S/ John Chiles (seal)
 By alt. S. R. Rogers
 S/ Amelia Chiles (seal)
 By alt. S. Rodgers
 S/ S. R. Rodgers (seal)
  Attest
 S. A. Gamts(?)
  page 60
 "Knoxville
 27th Oct. 1847
 James W. Campbell Esq., Clerk of the Supreme Court at Knoxville
  Sir,
 The suit now pending in the Supreme Court at Knoxville wherein James H. Sawyers administrator of the estate of Elizabeth Sawyers deceased is Complainant and John C. Chiles, Executor of John Chiles deceased, Amelia Chiles and others are defendants is compromised by agreement of the parties and the suit is to be dismissed at the costs of said John C. Chiles as I have received $950 the amount I claim against said Chiles this 27th October 1847.
 S/ James H. Sawyers
 Teste S. R. Rogers"
  =====
 Among the many exhibits in these records was found a copy(or transcription) of a letter written by Rowland & Amelia Chiles to their children. This is my transcription of said document as seen without corrections.
  pages 34-35
 Exhibit No. 16 -
 "August the 6 1821 Roan County Tennessee, Very Dear children, I thank the Lord for the opportunity of righting to you to let you kno that we the old people are not well, nor we don't expect ever to be well any more in this life. We are both getting very old and frail. Your mother can scarce walk, and I have got the ruin of my ____ broke, and can hardly ride. We don't expect ever to see that part of the world any more, but thanks be to the Lord for he has given us a plenty to live on of bodily sustainance of every discription. I have bought a very ______ tract of land on Clinch River on both sides, one part is opposite the mouth of Beaver Creek. There is about sixty acres of cleared land, and on both sides of the River there is 500 acres and there is as much River bottom as ever I shall tend - I expect to get about 500 bushels ___ there this year, and I tend ten acres up there of fresh bottom, this year, and I have bought close to where I now live, and ____ it out. I still rase a very good crop of wheat and oats when I live, and about 25 acres of corn. I expect to move to Clinch this fall. We have a very large stock of cattle and hogs and sheep, and horses. We hope you are doing well, but we don't expect ever to see you any more, except you should come to see us. Our friends is all well, a few day ago. I have note to Blankenship to pay you fifty six dollars, when you shall apply for it. I told him to pay you before, but he says he don't remember it, but I have note to him to pay that to you. I have got two of Joseph Frosts children and Joshua Frost has got two more. Thomas left Mo. and Rowland H. Chiles is married & has got a midlen smart woman - Dear children we want you to consider your latter end and try to be prepaired to meet your God in peace. So we conclude with subscribing ourselves, your loving father and mother till death. - Rowland and Emilia Chiles"
  *******************************
 Excerpt from the biography of his grandson, Roland Chiles, son of Paul & Lucinda Kersey Chiles.........
  Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Western Arkansas
  Judge Roland Chiles
 Owing to the fertility of the soil of Scott County, Ark., and by energy, industry and economy Mr. Chiles
 has become one of the well-to-do farmers of this section. He was born in Tennessee
 in 1827, the youngest in a family of nine children born to his parents, Paul and Lucinda (Kersey) Chiles, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of South Carolina.
  The paternal grandfather, Roland Chiles, was born in England and came to America during colonial times, making his home in Virginia and afterward participating in the Revolutionary War. He afterward became a pioneer of East Tennessee and in that State passed from life. (note by Gloria J. Tune - we know Rowland Chiles was born in Virginia, not in England.)
 Source:
 Ancestry.com. Western Arkansas Biographies and Historical Memoirs [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1998.
 Original data: Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Western Arkansas. Chicago, IL, USA: Southern Publishing, 1891.
  **********************
 Walter Chiles of Jamestown
 Compiled by Joanne Webb Chiles Eakin
 Publisher J. C. Eakin, 1983
  Page 50
 59. Rowland Chiles (48.Paul) He was born c. 1755 Prince Edward Co. Va. By 1780 he was married to his first wife Nancy Sandlin. On 24 Feb. 1791 we find record in Washington Co. Va. of his second marriage to Amelia Frost, daughter of John (?Thomas) Frost. He died in 1825 in Anderson County...
  page 51
 Tax list of Roane County for 1814 include Rowland Chiles owning 650 acres of land on Poplar Creek. State Tax for Merchant License show: Rowland Chiles, 20 July 1815, Tavern license, $3.00. On the tax list for Merchant License 27 April 1818, Rowland Chiles; Tavern Keeper license cost $5.00. He is on the property tax lists every year from 1814 through 1821, owning from 400 to 495 acres. Rowland Chiles, on the 1821 list, owns 495 acres and has the initials "G. R." behind his name. This stand for Great Road, the main road from Kingston in Roane County to Knoxville. On the Roane County "Land admitted to Registration" records from 1 Oct 1814 to 1 Oct 1815 we find Samuel Eblin to Rowland Chiles, 600 acres. In the same Registration book from 1 Oct 1815 to 1 Oct 1816 is a deed from Rowland to James McCowen for 154 acres.
  page 51
 The Anderson County Deed Books record on 17 May 1821 Rowland bought 300 acres on the Clinch River. This land could have been his son's. According to the newspaper, Knoxville Register, dated 07 August 1844, Rowland Chiles died in 1825 in Anderson County, Tennessee.
  Source:
 https://books.google.com/books

b. Note:   Page 50 from the book "Walter Chiles of Jamestown" by Joanne Chiles Eakin, 1983, states: "59. Rowland Chiles (48. Paul) He was born circa 1755 in Prince Edward County, Virginia. By 1780 he was maried to his first wife Nancy Sandlin. On 24 February 1791 we find record in Washington County, Virginia of his second marriage to Amelia Frost." Eakin earlier identifies on page 22: "48. Paul Chiles (16.Henry) b. circa 1718, will dated 02 September 1761 in Halifax County, Virginia."

c. Note:   Exact date unknown. This date is from his father's will stating Rowland was "not yet baptised". Halifax County Will Book O, 1753-1772, pages 129-131

d. Note:   This date is that of the Administrator & Administratrix bond. 04 August 1825 is seen on some databases, but with no source citation.
  ===
 Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895
 Knox, 1806
 The East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications, page 80
  (*100) notation at bottom of page - Died 1825 in Anderson Co., Tenn. Knoxville Register, August 7, 1844

e. Note:   No marriage record has been located, but other records show Rowland was in Henry County from at least 1776-1787.
f. Note:   Annals of southwest Virginia, 1769-1800
 Washington county. Minutes of the County Court, page 1259
 Date: 24 February 1791
 Groom: Childs, Roland
 Bride: Amilla Frost
 Minister: John Frost
 Source:
 http://www.ancestry.com
  ===
 Virginia, Marriages, 1660-1800 about Roland Childs
 Name: Roland Childs
 Spouse: Amilea Frost
 Marriage Date: 24 Feb 1791
 Marriage Location: Washington County, Virginia
 Source Information:
 Dodd, Jordan. Virginia, Marriages, 1660-1800 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997.
 Original data: Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Virginia.


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