Note: enardington Kent.
The parish records state he married Rebecca Burden on the 12 th Feb.1821 aged 19 at The Church of St. Michael and all Angels St. Michaels Tenterden Kent.
Rebecca 3 years older, already had two children christened in 1819 Frances and Richard. We do not know if Benjamin was the Father
On the 14th Feb.1821 two days after the wedding a Removal Order taken by the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor in Tenterden had Benjamin and his wife removed to the Parish of Woodchurch. The Churchwardens and overseers were required to receive and provide for Ben and Rebecca.
We know a similiar order removed brother William and Mary Hampton to Woodchurch in 1816
On the 12th May 1839 a shipload of Kentish families left on the "Cornwall" The voyage took 112days arriving in Sydney. 1st Sept 1839. Benjamin arrived with wife Rebecca and children James (18) farm labourer Charles (7) James (17) the son of brother William, Rebecca (16) housemaid and Diana (5)
The Shipping records states Ben was to be employed by a Mr James Hope of Botany Bay to do piecework?
In 1841 Ben purchased a small parcel of land (74 acres) from Edwin Augustus Hickey for 300pounds.At the time it was called Henshurst, later the land was known as "Hampton Park" and is now a portion of theUffington State Forest, in the Brookfield, Clarence Town area. This seemed a very poor area for farming. The land startes on a hill and goes to the river.
A neighbour Michael Brazel married Ben's daughter Rebecca and when she died (25 12 1848) he married her sister Diana.in 1849
Ben moved to Mill Creek Rd Stroud but we do not know when .On the 27th April 1862 Rebecca Hampton died aged 66. Nine years later, in 1871, Ben married Mary Wright.
Ben died 5th June 1882 at Mill Creek Rd Stroud. He left an estate of 1100pounds.
Benjamin and Rrebekah are buried at St Johns Church, Stroud, N S W although the inscription is now very hard to read 26 3 2000.
Benjamins brother William 12 years his senior (1789) was convicted of stealing firewood in the Kent Assizes in 16th 7 1836(aged 47) and transported for 7 years to NSW. He was on the "Llloyds". William died on 14 9 1859 aged 70. He left a large family in Eng and after his wife died several of the children came to Aust.William was granted Ticket of Leave at Maitland in 1841.
Herewith some additional facts related to the points previously enumerated as possible factors which might have precipitated the migration of the Hamptons to New South Wales in the first half of the 19th century:-
1.1812-The Burdett Riots - The Peninsula War caused economic crisis which induced many bankruptcies in the cities and distress in the cotton industries - Francis Burdett published a speech criticising the House of Commons - He was arrested and was sent to the Tower - Public opinion was on
the boil - O'Connell demanded the repeal of the union with Ireland
2. The Luddites became frenzied, smashing factories in Nottingham and following up with similar actions for 6 or 7 years - these were suppressed by the public hanging of several of the ringleaders
3. In 1812 Wellington invaded Spain for the third time - These military ventures increased economic stress
4. Such was the panic among the upper classes that the forerunners of the present police force, the London "Bobbies" were organized primarily to suppress the protesters
5. The overthrow of the Napoleonic forces was widely acclaimed but the peace on the Continent brought commercial stagnation, excessive taxation, food scarcity and inflated prices throughout England, including of course the southern areas and Kent
6. 1819 - The Affair of Peterloo indicates the serious nature of the industrial unrest in England at this period. A great meeting of protest was watched by the military and by 6,000 "special constables" - 100,000 people were assembled to ask for reform - they were dispersed with great brutality, several being killed and hundreds seriously wounded - this incident has passed into history, derisively as "The Battle of Peterloo".
This and similar incidents caused either voluntary or enforced migration to New South Wales - Some of these were:
7. 1820: The Cato Street Copnspiracy 8. 1825: Another Commercial Crisis 9. 1831: More serious Reform Agitation 10. 1834: A New Corn Law - The Tolpuddle Martyrs is a term given to half a dozen men from the village of Tolpuddle who were transported to Australia for unlawfully administering oaths of loyalty to a union which they had formed - These men were subjected to extremely harsh treatment from brutish
assigned masters as convicts when they were put to work on the land - 60 men were similarly transported for drawing up a list of demands to correct the unjust harshness of the law - they were distinguished as "Chartists"
I have listed some of the outstanding reasons for immigration in the early eighteenth century - these are mainly made up of people who fell foul of the laws aimed at the suppression of political activists - Of course there are many other victims of the harsh laws applying to the absolutely severe criminal code of the times as well, and yet others who came here in this early period for diverse reasons. The English aristocracy at this time was terrified out of its wits by the ghastly excesses of the French Revolution.
Note: Benjamin was the 9th child of Thomas Hampton and Ann Kingsnorth christened 16th Aug.1801 at K
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