Individual Page

Marriage: Children:
  1. Katherine of England : Birth: ABT 1262. Death: 5 SEP 1264

  2. Joan of England : Birth: JAN 1264/65 in France. Death: ABT 7 SEP 1265 in France

  3. John of England : Birth: 10 JUN 1266 in Windsor Castle, ENG. Death: 3 AUG 1271 in Wallingford, ENG

  4. Henry of England : Birth: 13 JUL 1267. Death: 16 OCT 1274 in Guildford, Surrey, ENG

  5. Eleanor of England : Birth: ABT 18 JUN 1269 in Windsor Castle, Windsor, BRK, ENG. Death: 29 AUG 1298 in Ghent

  6. Daughter: Birth: ABT 1271 in Acre, Holy Land. Death: in young

  7. Joan of England of Acre : Birth: 1272 in Acre, Palestine. Death: 7 APR 1307 in Clare, SFK, ENG

  8. Alfonso of England : Birth: 24 NOV 1273 in Bayonne, FRA. Death: AUG 1284 in Windsor Castle, ENG

  9. Margaret of England : Birth: 15 MAR 1274/75 in Windsor Castle, ENG. Death: AFT MAR 1332/33 in Brussels

  10. Berengaria of England : Birth: 1 MAY 1276 in Kempton, MDX, ENG. Death: BEF 27 JUN 1278

  11. Daughter: Birth: 3 JAN 1277/78 in Westminster. Death: in Infancy

  12. Mary of England : Birth: ABT 11 MAR 1278/79 in Woodstock, ENG. Death: 29 MAY 1332 in Amesbury Abbey, ENG

  13. Elizabeth of England : Birth: 7 AUG 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales, ENG. Death: ABT 5 MAY 1316 in Quendon, ESS, ENG

  14. Edward II King of England : Birth: 25 APR 1284 in Caernarvon Castle, Wales, ENG. Death: 21 SEP 1327 in Murdered Berkeley Castle, GLS, ENG

  15. Person Not Viewable

1. Title:   Ancestral Roots, Frederick Lewis Weis
Page:   110-30
2. Title:   The Complete Peerage
Page:   3:170

a. Note:   Buried in Westminster Abbey.
  Eleanor of Castile, first wife of Edward I of England, was the only daughter born to Ferdinand III (1201-52) of Castile's second marriage to Jeanne de Dammartin ([1215/20?]-1279), later (1250) countess in her own right of Ponthieu and Aumale in France. After Ferdinand's first wife Beatriz of Swabia d. Nov. 1235, his mother Queen Berenguela feared he might take lowborn mistresses if he stayed single, and aggressively set out to find him a new wife. Attracted by Jeanne's inheritance, Henry III of England had tried to marry her (1235), but Berenguela's sister Blanche, the regent of France, quashed this betrothal and sent Jeanne to marry her nephew Ferdinand III in Oct. 1237.
 (Parsons, _Eleanor of Castile_ [NY 1995], pp. 8-9; Miriam Shadis, "Berenguela of Castile's Political Motherhood," in _Medieval Mothering_, eds. J.C. Parsons, B. Wheeler {NY, 1996], pp. 335-58).
  Agnes Strickland's influential but flawed _Lives of the Queens of England_, 2nd ed., 12 vols (London, 1851), ii, 164 note, makes Eleanor "about ten" at her 1254 marriage, and most later English historians have followed this. But an impeccable Castilian source indicates she must have been born before that. _De Rebus Hispaniae Libri IX_, a Latin chronicle by King Ferdinand's chancellor, Archbishop Rodrigo de Rada of Toledo, was finished on 31 March 1243. In his concluding paragraph giving that date, de Rada states that Queen Jeanne by then had had 3 children: Ferdinand, Eleanor (then "parvula") and Louis (then "parvulus"). De Rada's veracity is heightened as these children evidently appear in the correct order of birth--when de Rada had listed the 10 children of the late Queen Beatriz, he gave all the sons first and then the daughters. (_De Rebus Hispaniae_, ed. F. Lorenzano [Madrid, 1793; reprint Valencia, 1970], book 9, chaps 12 and 18; J. Gonzalez, _Reinado y diplomas de Fernando III, 2 vols., i
 [Cordoba, 1980], pp. 96-113, shows the real order of birth among Beatriz'
 children.) As Eleanor was the second of 3 children Jeanne bore between Oct. 1237 and Mar. 1243, she cannot have been born much later than 1241.
  Castilian kings' formal chaters, the *privilegios rodados*, are not generally of value for genealogy, but they can help here. It was customary in the 13th century for the names of a king's sons to appear together at the head of the lay witnesses to these acts. The name of a particular *infante* was added to the lists when he was aged about 12; thus King Ferdinand's 3rd son Philip, born late in 1231, first appears in witnesses lists in 1243 (Gonzalez, _Reinado y diplomas de Fernando III_, as above; E. Florez, _Memorias de la reinas catolicas_, 2 vols [Madrid, 1761], i, p. 435). Eleanor of Castile's elder full brother Ferdinand first appears in the lists in Aug. 1252, and her younger brother Louis in Oct. 1255 (for Ferdinand, M. de Manuel Rodriguez, _Memorias para la vida del Santo Rey Don Fernando III_ [Madrid, 1800], pp. 528-46, and A. Ballesteros Beretta, _Alfonso X el Sabio_ [Barcelona, 1963], pp. 57-58; for Louis, Madrid, Archivo Historico Nacional, seccion Clero, carpeta 3436, piece 12). If young Ferdinand was 12 in 1252, he would have been b. in 1240 or perhaps late in 1239; Louis, in 1243 (obviously before 31 Mar.) or else very late in 1242. Again, as Eleanor was second-born, we would look for her birth no later than 1241.
  The accounts of Eleanor's executors record expenses for Nov. 1291ceremonies in London on the 1st anniversary of her death. These records show that the procession included 49 candlebearers (_Manners and Husehold Expenses of England in the 13th and 15th Centuries_, ed. B. Botfield, T. Turner [London, for the Roxburghe Club, 1841], p. 99). This very uneven number fairly jumps off the page. Matched pairs of candlebearers--i.e., an even number--would strike one as more likely; why 49? In all likelihood it represents Eleanor's age at her death (28 Nov. 1290). A third path, this one English, thus also points to 1241 as the year of
 Eleanor's birth.
  To examine events of that year in Castilian sources, Ferdinand III was absent from his wife's side on campaign in Andalucia for the 13 months ending in Feb. 1241 (_Primera Cronica General de Espana_, ed. R. Menendez Pidal, 2 vols [Madrid, 1955], ii, 737 [ch. 1053], 740-41 [ch. 1057]). If Jeanne had conceived Eleanor before Ferdinand III went to Andalucia early in 1240, Eleanor could have been born no later than summer 1240 and would have been easily 50 years old at her death. But if Eleanor was conceived at the time of her parents' reunion in Feb. 1241, she would have been b. in Nov. or Dec. of that year. In all probability, then, she had either just marked, or was very close to marking, her 49th birthday when she died.
  Section II will deal with the children I have been able to document fully.
  Section III will discuss various names traditionally associated with Eleanor's family, but which turn out to be anomalous additions by later researchers ("Alice," "Isabella," "Juliana," etc.).
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