Note: James Claypool (i) and Helena Mercer James Claypool (i) was born October 08, 1634 in London, England. His parents were John Claypoole, Sir, Knight (b: 13 APR 1595 in Masey, England), and : Mary Marie ANGELL (b: BET 1591 AND 1614 in England.) James married Helena Mercer (b. about 1637 in Edinburg, Scotland) on Dec.12, 1657 at Bremen, Germany. Helena MERCER (Merces) was born in 19 Aug 1638 in Culross,Fife of Edinburg, Scotland. Her parents were Balthasar MERCER ( b. about 1600 in Scotland) and Elizabeth KENNEDY (b: about 1610 in Scotland.) Helena's family, led by her father Balthasar, were staunch Royalists, and as such were aligned with an increasingly unpopular English King, Charles I. Beginning about 1644, Oliver Cromwell began leading a civil war against the Royalists who supported King Charles I. The King fought Cromwell's Parliamentarian party efforts to reform England as a constitutional monarchy in two consequtive civil wars. In 1644, as civil war broke forth in England, the family fled the kingdom from fear of Cromwell and his party. Mercer took his family, including three daughters and three sons, and with all belonging to him, to Bremen, where he lived out his life on his own means, which were considerable. (In 1649 Charles I was beheaded by Cromwell for "treason.") Helena met James Claypoole in Germany. His father and older brothers were staunch Cromwell supporters, but James was interested in business, not politics. James was sent, perhaps around 1650 when he was sixteen, to be apprenticed to a merchant in Bremen. He learned the language sufficiently well so that in later life his letters to Hamburg and Bremen were written in German. It's probable that their common Quaker religious beliefs were a factor that drew them together in Bremen. Helena and James had the following children: --- John Claypool b: 15 09 1658 in London, England --- Mary Claypool b: 14 08 1660 in London, England --- Josiah Claypool b: 09 09 1660/61 in London, England --- Helena Claypoole b: 06 09 1662 in Scots Yard, London, England --- James Claypoole , Jr. b: 12 06 1664 in London, England (?) --- Priscilla Claypool b: 25 02 1665/66 in London, England --- Nathaniel Claypool b: 23 07 1668 in London, England --- Josiah Claypoole b: 09 11 1669 in London, England --- Samuel Claypool b: 19 01 1670/71 in London, England --- Nathaniel Claypool b: 04 08 1672 in London, England --- George Claypoole b: 14 11 1674 in London, England --- Joseph Claypool b: 29 01 1675/76 in London, England --- Joseph Claypool b: 14 05 1677 in London, England --- Elizabeth Claypool b: 25 05 1678 in London, England In 1677, James was a Quaker merchant at Bush Lane, Scots Yard in London, England (where all his children were born) and a member of the Friends' Meeting at Bull and Mouth. He was a close friend of William Penn, and when William Penn received his royal grant for Pennsylvania (1682), Claypoole became one of its biggest backers, purchasing 5,000 acres from Penn, including 100 acres within the proposed capital city, Philadelphia. He mentions in a letter "I have purchased of William Penn 5,000 acres in his country", and several lots in the town of Philadelphia. He was the first witness to Penns' signature on the Charter of Pennsylvania. James Claypoole sent his eldest son John Claypoole sailing from the Downs, 23 Apr 1682 in the ship "AMITY". His servants were sent ahead to build a temporary home for the family. Under his father's directions John built his father a house on the lot on the "Banks", Front Street, Philadelphia that was 40 feet long by 20 broad. James Claypoole, with his wife and seven remaining children arrived in Philadelphia in the "CONCORD", on 8 Oct 1683. He proceeded at once to erect a further addition to his house and took up his home therein. The year after he arrived he built the first brick house in Philadelphia (1684), two stories, with a southern exposure and a lawn descending to Dock Creek, adjoining that of Samuel Carpenter, another wealthy pioneer merchant of the infant city, who like James Claypoole, was destined to take a prominent part in the affairs of the province as well as to aid materially in establishing the commercial supremany of the city of Philadelphia over that of any other part in the America colonies. James also erected a wharf and storehouse and engaged extensively in the shipping trade. His brother, Edward, was his foreign agent, as evidenced by the letters exchanged between them. His lot was 102 feet front on the river and extended back 396 feet, the "Claypoole House", being No. 37 Walnut Street. Within a short time of his arrival he had his lands surveyed and besides the two Philadelphia lots, he had a good 2000 acres in Philadelphia County plus lands in Bucks and Chester counties. He purchased a small plantation in New Castle County, Delaware and an estate in Sussex County, Delaware. In 1684, James built the first brick house in Philadelphia, two stories, with a southern exposure and a lawn descending to Dock Creek, adjoining that of Samuel Carpenter, another wealthy pioneer merchant of the infant city, who like James Claypoole, was destined to take a prominent part in the affairs of the province as well as to aid materially in establishing the commercial supremany of the city of Philadelphia over that of any other part in the America colonies. James Claypoole died on 6 AUG 1687 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, and is buried at Friend's Burying Ground, Mulberry St, Philadelphis, Lincoln, PA Helena Mercer Claypoole died August 19, 1688 in Philadelphia. NOTE: James Claypoole figured prominently in the early affairs of Pennsylvania: He was Treasurer of the "Free Society of Traders", Register General, Member of the Provincial Council, founder of a settlement at Germantown, judge of the provincial court, member of the Governor's Council, member of the Assembly, and author of several books and pamphlets. NOTE: David C. Claypoole, great grandson of James and Helena Claypoole, was the first printer to Congress in 1784, editor of the Pennsylvania Packet in 1784, and publisher of the Valedictory Address of President Washington. The record of James Claypoole's death is found In "Genealogies of Pennsylvania Families", by Genealogical Publishing Company. His will, dated 5 Dec 1686, was entered into probate on 12 Aug 1687. SOURCES:  Huppe ... http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=huppe1946&id=I118309 PARK ... http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3002564&id=I1927  Claypool/ Claypoole Genealogy ... freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~waughtel/claypool_claypoole_genelogy.htm  Stewart Family File ... http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mstewart&id=I00995
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