Sarah van Swearingen: Death: BEF 1718
Note: [ralphroberts.ged] [roberts.GED] From Eric Marr (emarr@@ushmm.org) I thought I'd take a moment to write to you about write you about the first coffee house in Colonial North America. Current historical and archaeological evidence suggests that it was in St. Mary's City, Maryland. I'm not sure of the exact date but I believe it to have been established in the 1680's or '90's. The founder was Garrit Van Swearingen, a Netherlander who came to Maryland in 1664 from New Netherland at the time of the Duke of York's seizure of Dutch Colonies in North America. Garrit had been a Supercargo for the West India Company, and then held several important positions in a Patroonship owned by the City of Amsterdam on the Delaware River. After several years in Maryland he moved to St. Mary's where he eventually ran a boarding house. In the parlance of the period a boarding house was a high class establishment with nicer accomodations and better food, and it required reservations. The assembly of the colony held sessions in his grape arbor when the afternoon heat grew to be too much in the State House. His cider was declared to be the very best in the Colony. In time he established a coffee house on his property. Fragments of Coffee services have been found on the site but they may date from the 18th Century. Records refer to a coffee house on the site which is supposed to be a small detached building. The site is run by the State of Maryland today. It is part of a larger living history museum, historic St. Mary's City. The Buildings have been "ghosted in" to give visitors an inkling of their size and placement. With Coffee establishments comming on so strong in America today it is a wonder that some company like Starbuck's has not heard of it and offered to fund reconstruction of Garret Van Swearingen's House, Coffee House, and Detached Kitchen. [roberts.GED] [Br�derbund WFT Vol. 9, Ed. 1, Tree #2985, Date of Import: 11 Jun 1997] !Will filed 25 March 1698 filed State of Maryland Hall of Records Anapolis, MD Libr 6,H,1688-1700 of wills p 210-211.witnessed by Nicholas Croutch, Willm Aisquith, Thomas Grunvin, and Tom Sinnodd.Febr. 4 1698. !Birth and names of children Colonial Families of the US. Your Famous Forefathers by Johnson and Turner "Gerret Van Swearingen, ancestor of many West Virginians. Gerret was born in Remsterdam, Holland in 1636, a younger son of a family who belonged to the nobility. He served with the Dutch East Indies Company and settled in 1655 at New Amstel (now New Castle) Delaware, of which he was one of the founders. When the English took over the Dutch Colonies in 1664, Van Swearingen moved to St. Mary's City Maryland. He petitioned Lord Baltimore for English citizenship, which was granted. Gerret became a land owner and a leader in the affairs of the county." "Shortly after the surrender of the Dutch Colony to the English, in 1665, the family moved from New Amstel,now New Castle, to St Mary's City, St Mary's County, MD where he lived out his life. He was appointed to the Maryland Council 12 Mar 1687. He became a landowner and leader in county affairs. He and his family were naturalized by act of the General Assembly in April 1669 at St Mary's, MD." From Colonial Families of the United States of America. !Baptism and parents:from Dr. O.Swearengen (Gemeente Archiefs, 40 Janstraat Haarlem) he suggests Garrett was born Haarlem or Scheveningen as Beemsterdam silted over and abandoned in 1640s and Gerrett's family moved to Amsterdam. Reenterswan was given at his naturalization. Garrett Van Swearingen, son of Dutch noble family was appointed to the post of "super cargo" for the ship "Prince Maurice" which was ready to sail for America from Texel, Holand on 25 December 1656. The ship "Prince Maurice" was stranded near the coast of Long Island on 8 March 1657. Shortly after the incident, Garrett Van Swearingen had to charter the ship "Beaver" at New Amsterdam (now New York) for the voyage to Fort Casimir and surrounding area. On 25 April 1657, Garrett Van Swearingen and the Dutch colonists took Fort Casimir and surrouding area from the Swedes. As one of the founders,Fort Casimir was renamed as New Amstel (now New Castle, Delaware). Garrett Van swearingen wrote the following letter: 'New Amstgel, December 8, 1659 'NOBEL, WORSHIPFUL, WISE, RIGH, PRUDENT SIR:-- Garrett Van Swearingen (04 Feb 1636 - 04 Feb 1698) 'With due respect and reverence, have I hereby taken the liberty to greet you, though bound in duty of gratitude, to devote to you all the days of my life. ...I cannot neglect, hereby to communicate my promotion. About a year and a half, after my departure from Patria (my native country), with your Honor's faborable recommendation, I have been appointed Sheriff here subject to the approbation of the Honorables the Principals. Previously, I have taken careof the store as clerk; and after J. Rynevelt's death, as Commissary, from which I have not requested to be discharged, as I have, though unworthy, been recently made Second Councilor, with Sir Alexander Hinojossa, First Councilor, and Captain of the military here, who intends to go over in the Spring, to represent this miserable place. 'If things become worse, I, individually, am ruined, for I have received here, some goods from my brothers, all of which I have laid out in a house, horses and mules, which cost me full, four to six thousand guilders, Holland currency. 'Besides that, I am also married.... 'Herewith I commend your Honor to the mercy and protection of the Most High God, and remain. 'Your obedient, humble servant, 'G. Van Sweringen' On 20 August 1660, Garrett VanSwearingen and his family were granted permission to visit Holland. On 27 August 1661, the City of Amsterdam in Holland was determined to continue the colony at New Amstel in America. GarrettVan Swearingenwas agin appointed as the councilor. Also in a letter to Peter Stuyvestant, Direactor-General of the New Neatherlands from William Beekman, Garret Van Swearingen was called 'The Honorable President, Van Swearingen.' In 1664, Colonel Nicols of England, sent by His Majesty, Chares II, and his deputy Sir Robert Carr were to take over the Dutch colony at New Amstel. Garrett Van Swearingen made a deposition in 1684 regarding the conquest of the Dutch possessions at New Amstel by English... 'In the year 1664, arrived Col. Nicholas, sent out by his Majesty, King Charles II, whereupon the Fort and country were brought under submission by Sir. Robert Carr, and duputied with two ships , for that intent. Sir Robert Carr did often protest to me, that he did not come as an enemy, but as a friend; demanding, only in friendship, what was the King's own, in that country. There was taken from the City and the inhabitants thereabout, to the value, so near as I can now remember, of four thousand pound sterling, likewise arms, powder and shot in great quaantity. Four and twenty guns were, the greatest part, transported to New York. 'The Dutch soldiers were taken prisoners, and given to the merchantmen that were there, in recompense of their services; and into Virginia , they were transported to be sold, as was credibly reported bySir Robert Carr's officers, and other persons there living in the town. 'All sorts of tools for handicraftsman, and all plough gear, and other things to cultivate the ground, which were in great quantity; besides the estate of Governor Debouissa and myself; except some household stuff and a negro I got away; and some other movables, Sir Robert Carr did permit me to sell. 'Colonel Nicholas, understanding what Sir Robert Carr had got at Delaware, took all again from the said Sir Robert Carr, when the said Colonel came there again in person, as I was informed, when I was upon my way to Maryland.' Swearingen family tradition says that when the Dutch colony at New Amstel surrendered to the English Crown, Garrett Van publicly broke his sword across his knees, and, throwing it tothe left and right, renounced his allegiance. Shortly after the English's takeover of Dutch colony at New Amstel, Garrett Van Sweartingen and his family migrated to St. Mary's City, St. Mary's County, the province of Maryland. On 13 April 1669, a bill was passed by the General Assembly of the province of Maryuland for the "Free Denization and Naturalization of Garrett Van Swearingen and others,' upon the following petition. The petition as tanscribed as follows: 'To the Right, Honorable, the Lord Proprietory of the Province of Maryland and Avalon, Lord Baron of Baltimore. "The Petition of Garrett Van Swearingen, Elizabeth de Barrette, wife of the said Garrett, Elizabeth and Zacharias Van Swearingen, children of the said Garrett and Barbara ... all residents and inhabitants of this Province, humble soweth into your Lordship: 'The Petition of Garrett Van Swearingen, was born in Reenstwerdam, Holland, under the dominion of the States General of the United Provinces: Barbara De Barrette, his wife, in Valenciennes, in the Low Countries, belonging to the King of Spainh: Elizabeth Van Swearingen and Zacharias Van Swearingen their children in New Amstel, on Delaware Bay, then under the government of the said States General: ... and your Petitioners being now removed into this Province --- being invited to come and dwell in t6his Province upon confidence of your Lordship's Declaration of July 2, 1649, whereby you did empower your Governor to grant lands to any persons of French, Dutch, Spanish, Swedish, or other foreigh descent, in as ample manner, and upon the same term, as to any persons of British or irish descent. 'And during this abode in this Province your Petitioners have been faithful and obediemt to your Lordship's Law; yet for that your Petitioners are not of British or Irish descent they cannot take benefit of the laws and customs of this Province, as the good people of British and Irish descent. "May it please your Lordship, out of your abundant goodness and care, that your Petitioners shall henceforth be adjudged, as natural born people of this Province of Maryland, or as if they were of British or Irish descent as aforesaid, and that they shall be enabled to prosecute and defend all manner of actions and other demands, as liberally and frankly as if they have been naturally born within this Province of Maryland or were of British or Irish descent, any Laws or customs of this Province to the contrary notwithstanding. 'And your Petitioners shall as in duty bound pray & c.' During the period of 1680 and 1692, the Upper House of the General Assembly of the Province of Maryland held their meeting at Garrett Van Swearingen's house in St. Mary's City, St. Mary County, Maryland. On 12 May 1684, Garrett Van Swearingen "Of the City of St. Mary's, Gentleman, aged eight and forty years, or thereabouts,' made the deposition regarding the settlement of Delaware Bay and River by the Dutch and Swedes people. On 4 May 1686, Garrett Van Swearingen was made Sheriff of St. Mary's County, Maryland, Again on 12 May 1687, he was made sheriff for said county for another year. In 1688 Garrett Van Swearingen was appointed as Alderman for the city of St. Mary's, St. Mary's County, Maryland. Garrett Van Swearingen left a will which was written on 25 October 1698 and probated on 4 February 1698. He mentioned: 1) 'To two sons, viz - Joseph and Charles, equally, and heirs, dwelling house; also the Council Room and Coffee House and lands thereunto belonging: 2) "In event of death of both sons aforesaid without issue, said estate to pass to daughters (unnamed) by present wife' 3) Wife (unnamed) to have estate during widowhood, and she is not to be disturbed by children (unnamed) or sons-in-law (unnamed); 4) 'To daughters aforesaid personalty; son Joseph appointed guardian of said daughters (unnamed)' 5) 'To priest of Romand Catholic Church, personalty' Source: "Smoky Mountain Clans, Volume 2' 1983, Donald B. Reagan, p 203-206 Descendants of David Janse Swierngh Generation No. 1 1. DAVID JANSE1 SWIERNGH (Source: WFT C.D. #2 - Pedigree 3433.). He married HESTER JACOBS. Child of DAVID SWIERNGH and HESTER JACOBS is: 2. i. GERRIT2 VAN SWERINGIN, b. February 04, 1635/36, Breemsterdam, Holland; d. 1698, St. Mary's, Colony of Maryland. Generation No. 2 2. GERRIT2 VAN SWERINGIN (DAVID JANSE1 SWIERNGH) was born February 04, 1635/36 in Breemsterdam, Holland, and died 1698 in St. Mary's, Colony of Maryland (Source: Will of Garrett Van Sweringen dated 25 March 1698, proved 25 October 1698. Maryland State Archives, Hall of Records, Annapolis, Md., Page 210-211, Prerogative Court Wills - 6.). He married (1) BARBARA DE BARRETT March 01, 1658/59 in Delaware, daughter of ISAAC DEBARRETT. He married (2) MARY SMITH October 05, 1676. Notes for GERRIT VAN SWERINGIN: Will of Garrett Van Sweringen, St. Mary's County, MD. Dated 25 March 1698. Proved 25 October 1698. Maryland State Archives, Hall of Records, Annapolis, MD, Prerogative Court Wills 6, pp. 210-211. The text of his will follows: In the name of God, Amen. I Garrett Vansweringen of ye citty of St. Mary's in St. Marys county, haveing consideredly Many Yeares I have Lived in this World and therefore but a Little time to remain and for Reason of the Uncertainty When this tyme shall be Expired I doe hereby Will and require that When it Should be ye Will of God to Call me out of this Mortall Life My body shall be buried if God Doth permitt According to ye custom of ye Roman Catholique Church and ye Priest That shall bury me I doe give him One Thousand Pound of Tobacco and further I doe require My Executors herafter named to take Care that dureing ye Ensueing Year Mass shall be done for me Soly at all ye Later Days St. Josephs day, St. John ye Evangelist, St. Mary Magdaline in Holy Week at all Saints days and in ye Christmas hollydays further That all my Just debts shal be paid and doe therefore appoint and Nominate My Wife and My son Joseph Vansweringen Exrs. of my Will and this My Testament to doe and act as here shalbe mencond And My Now dwelling house and Land thereunto belonging also ye Councill Roomes and Coffee house and Land thereunto belonging I give unto my two sons Joseph and Charles Vansweringen For them and their Heires for Ever but in case of Any of them should Come to dye then ye houses and land fall to ye Surviving Brother herebefore Named and if both should Come to Dye then it shall fll to my Girles gotten by my Liveing wife the ...only equally that is to be Understood that are and were not married, or unprovided and Shall be unmarried after my decease and in Case any of them should So come to be in Possession of Any of the aforenamed Land and houses and Shall Come to dye without issue then ye forenamed Land Should returne againe to those that are Unmarried and to them that shall have issue in the Nature as before but their Issue dying shall ye said Land returne again to those yet have issue or be unmarried I doe alsoe require that my Wife doe Alsoe remaine in Possession of All my Estate Moveables and unmoveables dureing her Life that if she shall remaine unmarried, but in Case she should Come to Marry that then her Exershp shall Cease and My Son Joseph shall only remaine ye only Executor of my Will and Testament and allow According to Law to my wife one third of my Estate but remaining unmarried she shall Continue in Sole Possession of all as if I was my Selfe Alive for ye good of our children and doe hereby Absolutely Debarr all persons not being of My Blood to meddle or Concern themselves With any of my children or there Estate but What shalbe by ye Election of My Son Joseph with ye advise of Mr. John Hall of St. Innegoes the Unaged Children will be C....ed with their brother Joseph be their Guardian I will that .....weekes after My Decease My Estate shalbe Appraised and not Undervallued as ordinarily in this country is Done but to ye Reall Value Silver Plate Brass Copper Pewter Ledd in Quantity and Quality or other....my Wife shall Remaine Unmarried I doe Empower her over all nothing Excepted to remaine inmolessed either by Children or Sonns in Law Provideing she shall not distribute more to ye one than to ye other and that noe Portcon shalbe given to any of them dureing My Said Wife her Life to put herself to Want and beggary ye rest of my Younger Children only by ye Way of assistance ye necessarily should require in part pay of their Porcon or Sheare but if my Wife should come to dye then those children that are left unmarried Shall remain under ye Guardianshipp of Their Brother Joseph to take Care of them till they Come to be Married but if said Joseph Should doe them any injustice which God forbidd then ye offense shall be refered to Mr. John Hall hereafore named Mr. Charles Carrolle Mr. Charles Egerton Mr. Thomas Georing or any two of them and their settling upon ye matter shall definitise Either for ye said Joseph to remaine their Guardian or to Make Elecon of any of those Aforenamed instead of him and their porcon Must and Shall be given them on Yeare after they are married if they remaine alive and not otherwise for if any of these Children aforenamed Comes to dye their porcon shall remaine amongst their Sisters herebefore named and not to ye two brothers haveing ye Land Except issue if they should be married and have issue before ye Expiraon of ye Year or being bigg With Childe but ye aforenamed Brothers shall alsoe have an Equall Share out of ye moveables estate ye day of My departure but not to p..tend any share of ye porcons of these girles that should Come to dye but shalbe Equally divided to ye Sisters that are Unmarried, and further if my Son Joseph Should Come to dye and if mother remaines Alive then shall ye Executorshipp remain in her and in all Power as is Layd before at large, but if my Wife also should Come to dye then ye Children shall chuse one or more Guardians Out of ye aforenamed whom are hereby desired to see my Will performed and in testimony that this is my Last Will and Tesamt Have I hereunto Signed and Sealed with my hand this the 25th day of March 1698 But as I have sd my Wife to remain Exer if my son Joseph Should Come to dye is allways understood unmarried but if Married the Children shall have Guardians as afrsd in order to shake off ye Yoke of a father-in-law Further if it doth appeare any Gift Given in my Lifetime to any of my children of Vallue therof shalbe allowed to ye other Children Aportionable. Signed Sealed Published and declared Signed Gare Vansweringen by sd Garrett Vansweringen as his last will & testamt ye 25 day of October 1698 in the presence of us Nicholas Croutch, Willm Aisquith, Thomas Grunwin, Thos. Sinnodd And at ye bottom of ye foregoeing Will was Written....Endorsemts following vist Then came Mr. William Asquith and Mr. Thomas Grunwyn two of ye Wittnesses to this Will and made oathe that they did see Garrett Vansweringen ye Testator Signe Seale Publish and declare the within & above written to be his last Will and Testament and the sd Garrett was at ye isuing thereof Was of Perfect and Sound Mind & Memory Kenelm Cheseldyn March 20th 1698. Then did Mr. Nicholas Crowtch another of ye Wittnesses above have deposed. Kenelm Cheseldyn. Notes for MARY SMITH: Antenuptial agreement being dated 5 October, 1676. Children of GERRIT VAN SWERINGIN and BARBARA DE BARRETT are: i. ELIZABETH3 SWEARINGEN, b. 1661, Delaware; d. 1736; m. (1) JOHN EVANS; m. (2) JACOB WILLIAMS. ii. ZACHARIAS SWEARINGEN, b. Abt. 1663, Newcastle Co., Delaware; d. 1711, St. Mary's, Colony of Maryland; m. MARTHA DEVINE, Abt. 1683. iii. THOMAS SWEARINGEN I, b. 1665, St. Mary's, Colony of Maryland; d. 1710, St. Mary's, Colony of Maryland (Source: Will of Thomas Swearingen,I dated 29 July 1708, probated 9 March 1710/11. Volume III, page 203 of Maryland Calendar of Wills.); m. JANE HYDE/DOYNE, 1687. Children of GERRIT VAN SWERINGIN and MARY SMITH are: iv. JOSEPH3 VAN SWERINGIN, b. Abt. 1677, New Amstel, Delaware; d. March 08, 1720/21, St. Mary's County, Maryland; m. MARY NEALE ADDERTON, 1718. v. ANNE VAN SWERINGIN, b. 1679, New Amstel, Delaware; m. ?WILLIAM BLADEN. vi. CHARLES VAN SWERINGIN, b. 1680, Delaware; d. 1710. vii. ELEANOR VAN SWERINGIN, b. 1681, St. Mary's County, Maryland; m. (1) JAMES KING CARROLL; m. (2) JAMES MANNING. viii. THERESA VAN SWERINGIN, b. 1683, Delaware; m. JOHN PARKE. ix. DOROTHY VAN SWERINGIN, b. 1685, Delaware; d. 1728; m. BARNABY LEE. Father: David Janse Swieringh b: WFT Est. 1582-1612 Mother: Hester Jacobs b: WFT Est. 1590-1615 Marriage 1 Barbara De Barrette b: ABT. 1640 in Valenciennes, France Married: 1 MAR 1658/59 in New Amstel, New Castle Co., DE 1 Children Thomas Van Swearingen b: 1665 in St Mary's City, St Mary's, MD Mary Van Swearingen b: ABT. 1666 Elizabeth Van Swearingen b: AFT. NOV 1661 in New Amstel, New Castle, DE Zacharias Van Swearingen b: BET. 1662 - 1663 in New Amstel, DE Marriage 2 Mary Smith b: 1639 in France Married: 5 OCT 1676 in St Mary's City, St Mary's, MD 1 Children Swearingen b: WFT Est. 1657-1683 Mary Van Swearingen b: WFT Est. 1657-1683 in St Mary's City, MD Joseph Van Swearingen b: ABT. 1677 in St Mary's, St Mary's, MD Charles Van Swearingen b: ABT. 1677 in St Mary's, St Mary's, MD Anne Van Swearingen b: ABT. 1679 in St Mary's, St Mary's, MD Dorothy Swearingen b: ABT. 1682 in St Mary's, St Mary's, MD Theresa Swearingen b: ABT. 1686 in St Mary's, St Mary's, MD Sarah Van Swearingen b: 1688 in St Mary's City, MD Eleanor Swearingen b: ABT. 1661 in St Mary's, St Mary's, MD Sources: Br�derbund WFT Vol. 9, Ed. 1, Tree #2985, Date of Import: 11 Jun 1997 ! Birth: (1,19) Reensterdwan, in Holland, under dominion of the States General of the Unite d Provinces. (3,6,13,25) 1636. (3) Reensterdam, Holland. (6,13) Beemsterdam, Holland. (3,6,13 ) Of noble family. (13) A younger son. (NOTE: The map of North Holland, in the Netherlands, s hows the town of Beemster north of Amsterdam. Since the Dutch word "dam" refers to a dike o r dam, Beemsterdam would refer to the Beemster Dike. The Beemster area was created by the con struction of a dike ca. 1610.) (20a) Beemsterdam did not exist and there is no baptismal reco rd of Garret or Gerit in Beemster Church. (22) Deposed in 1684 that he was about age 48 (b. 1 636). (23) Age about 57 in 1693 (b. 1636). (NOTE: Would have been about 24 years older than h is 2nd wife.) (25) Holland. A descendant of the old Bavarian family, feudal tenants under th e lords of Dillingen. Marriage to Barbara De Barrelle: (1,19) (3,6) About 1659. (3,6,8) New Amstel (now New Castl e), DE. (13) 1659. (20) The only place her name is De Barette is on the naturalization papers . All other places it is Debarale or De Barrelle. (25) 1660. Marriage to Mary Smith: (2a,6,7,13) Ante-nuptial settlement on Mary Smith, of St. Mary's Co ., MD, spinster, 5 Oct 1676. (2b) Mary Vansweeringen, wife of Garrett. (7) "The condition o f this obligation is such that whereas the above bounden Garrett Vansweringen witnesseth by G od's Grace shortly to marry and to take to his wife one Mary Smith of the County of St. Marie s, spinster, if therefore the said Garrett Vansweringen do by his last will and testament o r otherwise without any fraud or covin in case the said Mary Smith shall after marriage had b etween them survive," Garrett to "give and assure" to Mary the "fully quantity of sixty thous and pounds of good and merchantable tobacco in cash over and besides such chaines, braceletts , jewells and apparell" which Mary "shall fortune to have" at Garrett's death, for Mary, he r executors and administrators to have, use, and enjoy "all her and their pleasures," withou t interference from Garrett's Executors, Administrators or assigns. Wits. T. Henry Carew, Jos . Quigley, J. Blairfield. Death: (3) At age 62. (6,8,13) 1698, St. Mary's Co., MD. (24) Will dtd 25 Mar 1698, witness ed 25 Oct 1698, proved 4 Feb and 10 Mar 1698/9. (25) 1712. (6) Received "a liberal education." (6) When a young man he "performed resposible duties" in the Maritime service of Dutch Wes t India Co. (3,4) 1656: The West India Co. sold Ft. Casimir (now New Castle) and the lands between th e Christina River and Bombay Hook to the city of Amsterdam. (6,8) 1656, 21 Dec: When the Dutch West India Co. fitted out the ship "Prince Maurice" wit h emigrants and supplies for the Dutch colony on the Delaware River in America, he was appoin ted its supercargo. This vessel sailed from the port of Amsterdam 21 Dec, and was to have tou ched at New Amsterdam (now New York City.) (3,6,22) Gerret wrote, "The Company being soe inde bted to the Citty of Amsterdam as to the setting out of a man of warr in reducing the South r iver (the Delaware) into theire possession againe they were resolved to make sale of their sa id title unto the said Citty... In fine, the Citty of Amsterdam were made Lords and Patrons o f that Colony... A ship called the Prince Maurice was provided to goe to the said Colony, a G overnor and Councill appointed, and a company of soldiers consisting of about sixty men put a board, and I myselfe was made supercargoe over the said ship and goods." (3) The "Prince Maur ice" sailed out of the Texel a few days before Christmas 1656. (NOTE: Texell is the southernm ost of the West Frisian Islands off the northern tip of North Holland.) (14a) Jacob Alrichs , First Director of New Amstel, referred to a letter he wrote to the Commissioners of the Col onie on the Delaware dated 27 Dec 1656, written from Texel, "when I went to sea and set sai l in the ship Prins Maurits." He wrote on 13 Apr 1657 to the same Commissioners that the "Pri nce Maurice" had sailed with the ships "Beer" and "Geldersche Blom." The "Prince Maurice" wa s "greatly clogged, and it was discovered, also, that neither the skipper, pilot, or any supe rior officer belonging to the ship, had ever been in New Netherland, or frequented its coast. "
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