Note: [ralphroberts.ged] [roberts.GED] [adgedge.ged] ! (1) "A Chronicle of Belair," by Shirley V. Baltz (Bowie Heritage Committee, Bowie, MD, 198 4) p.22,29,32,35,38-50,52-54,56,58. Cites: (a) Ogle Family Bible. (b) "Maryland Gazette," 1 2 Jul 1809. (c) "The Thomas Book," by Lawrence B. Thomas (New York, 1896). (2) "The Tayloes of Virginia and Allied Families," by W. Randolph Tayloe (Berryville, VA, 1 963), p.26,84,101. FHL #929.273 T211t. Cites: (a) Dictionary of American Biography, Vol. XII , p.638. (b) MacKenzie's Colonial Families. (c) Tayloe family records. (3) "Alumni House Today," magazine source unknown, probably a U.S. Naval Academy Alumni pub lication, "Shipmate," 1972, p.36. (4) "Magazine of the Jefferson County Historical Society," Vol. XVI, Dec. 1950 (Charlestown , WV), "The Early Van Swearingens," p.10. (5) "The Maryland Gazette 1727-1761," by Karen Mauer Green (Frontier Press, Galveston, TX , 1989) p.56,269. (6) "The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland," by J.D. Warfield (Koh n & Pollock, Baltimore, 1905) p.248-250,279,316. (7) "Marriage Records of MD, NC, VA, Hunting for Bears Collection," comp. by Dorothy L. & N icholas R. Murray from original county records (Automated Archives, 1994) CD004. (8) "Governors of Maryland," author & pub. unknown, "Benjamin Ogle 1798-1801." Cites: (a) H einrich E. Buchholz, "Governors of Maryland" (Baltimore, 1908) p.46. ! Birth: (1a) 7 Feb 1749, Annapolis, MD. (1b) 27 Jan 1749. (2) 1749. (1a,2) s/o Gov. Samue l Ogle/Ann Tasker. (4) Descended from William Bladen/Ann Van Swearingen. (5) "The Maryland Ga zette" reported Wed., 1 Feb 1749, that last Friday (27 Jan) Mrs. Ogle, wife of Gov. Samuel Og le, was delivered of a son. (6) 7 Feb 1746, Annapolis, MD, in the house of his father at th e corner of King George and College Ave. Marriage to Rebecca Stilly: (6) (NOTE: This marriage not mentioned in any other source.) Marriage to Henrietta Margaret Hill: (1a,c) 13 Sep 1770, "Belair," MD, by the Rector of Al l Hallows Church. (2) 10 Feb 1770. (6,8) (7) 18 Sep 1770, Anne Arundel Co., MD. (NOTE: It wou ld seem that either 13 or 18 Sep was misread.) Death: (1b) Fri., 7 Jul 1809, at 1 a.m., after a long illness, age 61. (2) 1809. (8) 6 Ju l 1809, Annapolis, MD, after a long and painful illness. Burial: (1b,8) Privately interred on the same evening as his death on his farm near Annapol is, MD. (1) 1752, 11 Feb: In his will, his father named Benjamin Tasker Sr. and Benjamin Tasker Jr . as guardians of Benjamin. He left to Benjamin "my house and land in Prince George's county. .. together with my stock of what kind soever and horses (except the English horses and thei r breed which I desire may be sold) and every implement and utensil to be used on my said pla ntation." Just before he died, his father added a codicil to his will, ordering that the stoc k, utensils, etc. on his plantation be sold and gave permission to the executors (Benjamin' s guardians) to sell Belair if they judged it to be most expedient and advantageous for the b enefit of his son Benjamin. (8) When he was age 3 his father died, and he was raised by his grandfather, Benjamin Taske r. (1) 1761, 2 Jul: Daniel Dulany, his uncle, was planning a trip to Britain, partially to pla ce his own son in school. It was decided that Benjamin would accompany them. (1,5) The Hon. D aniel Dulany, Esqu., the only son of the late Gov. Ogle, and Mr. Dulany's eldest son "attende d by a Number of Gentlemen" left Annapolis early in the morning for Patuxent "in order to em bark for London, in the Ship "Wilson"," Capt. William Johnson. (1) 1761, 6 Sep: The "Maryland Gazette" reported on 10 Dec that another ship and "the Wilso n, Captain Johnson... from this Province, arrived on the 6th (of Sep) at Strommess in the Ork neys, after a Passage of 50 days; from whence they were to be convoyed by his Majesty's Ship , the Hound, with the Fishing Vessels of Iceland, which arrived at Strommes also." (1) 1761, 23 Sep: By then had arrived in London. (1) 1761, Oct: During the first week was enrolled at Eton with his cousin. (6) Educated i n England. (1) 1764, 6 Nov: Barbara Bladen of Layton Grange, England, wrote to her niece Anne Ogle, "y our Son... is as fine a boy as your heart can wish, he is very tall and handsome and resemble s both father and mother. He was hear with Dulaney and before they had been in the house 5 mi nutes they spied a piece of water and a boat and away they flew to it like lightning and rowe d the whole day." (1) 1765, Oct: Mrs. Bladen wrote, "We had the pleasure of your son's company for a week a t our home this summer. He was very well and is vastly grown and handsome. I believe he wil l make sad destruction among the Belles at Annapolis." (1) 1766, 1 Dec: Wrote to his mother, "Almost everybody tells me that I had better not go t o Scotland but that I should do better if I was to stay in London and go to an Academy, but a s my Grandpapa desires it I shall do no other, so I go with Mr. Steuart in about three days.. . I assure you I long for the time to come, when I shall have the pleasure of seeing you al l in Maryland. Upon my Word if I were to stay in London for the five next years I should hav e the same dislike to it as I have now. As my Inclinations dont tend to what they call the pl easures of the Town. But was I to live in England I should chuse a Country Life, as I think s hooting and hunting preferable to plays and Operas &c." (2) Attended Oxford University. (1) Sat for a bust portrait by the French artist Pierre Etienne Falconet. (1) 1767: Returned to MD. Benjamin Tasker Sr. wrote to Robert Carter in Oct., "he ought t o have been at his studys a year longer & then I proposed his seeing the most parts of Englan d after wch he should have gone to Flanders, But he was in haste to Return to his Mother on h er invitation." (8) Following his return from England, he made his home in Annapolis. (2,7) Educated at St. John's College, Annapolis, MD. (NOTE: Confused with his son.) (1) 1768, Jun: In his will, his grandfather Benjamin Tasker Sr. left him 1,000 pounds sterl ing to be payed when he reached the age of 21. He also directed that "Bank of England Stock a mounting to about 8,550 pounds sterling" in his name be transferred to the heirs of Samuel Og le as part of the late governor's unadministered estate. (1) 1769, 1 Mar: As executors of Benjamin Tasker Sr.'s estate, Anne Ogle and Robert Carte r advertised the public sale of Belair and "all the stock, household, and kitchen furniture , ploughs, tools, &c... This estate contains about 2177 acres including a quantity of mowabl e meadow, and a large portion of arable land, which is well enclosed, and wheat was sown las t autumn on part of it. The mansion house and office near it are two stories... The orchards , garden, stables, barns, &c., also contribute to make this seat very pleasing and commodious ." The sale was held 1 Mar, but only a small group of furnishings, stock and other articles w ere auctioned off, including "4 seasons in gilt frames" purchased by Benjamin Ogle. The hous e and plantation were not sold, "occasioned by the persons who were desirous of becoming purc hasers being discouraged therefrom" by John Ridout, then guardian of Benjamin Ogle. (1) 1770: Immediately after his 21st birthday, he applied to the heirs of Col. Tasker for a n accounting of the profits from Belair and for a re-conveyance of the estate to him, as hei r and devisee of Samuel Ogle. In return, he offered to pay 1,700 pounds into Tasker's estate . His several requests were apparently ignored. (1) 1771, 11 Feb: Filed a suit against Anne Ogle, Robert and Frances Carter and Christophe r and Elizabeth Lowndes in the Chancery Court of MD. He charged that "Col. Tasker... immediat ely after the death of the said Samuel Ogle entered and possessed himself of the... House an d Plantation... and received the rents and profits thereof... till on or about the 25th day o f December 1757 at which time without any Notice having been given... and without any measure s having been taken to invite purchasers to bid or treat an agreement was entered into betwee n... Benjamin Tasker Esquire and Col. Benjamin Tasker that he the said Col. Benjamin Tasker s hould take the said House and Plantation at and for the sum of 1,700 pounds for the securin g payment of which sum the said Benjamin Tasker passed his bond or Obligation to Benjamin Tas ker Esquire as guardian... for the payment of 1,923 pounds, 5 shillings, 7 pence sterling wit h interest thereon of 4 per cent." Of that amount, 223 + pounds was for the furniture. He con tended that although the conveyances had mentioned a price of 1,700 pounds for Belair, no mon ey had actually changed hands. He also contended that despite the fact that such documents ha d been passed, it was not the intention of the Taskers that he "should be concluded thereby , on the contrary it was their design that your Orator should have it in his election to acce pt of the said Sum of 1,700 pounds sterling or to take the said house and Plantation when h e should attain his Age and in Case your Orator should elect to have the house and Plantatio n that the Interest of the said 1,700 pounds should be considered in the Nature of rent and b e set against the profits." He asserted that there was no way to ascertain the true value o f the estate without posting notice of, and exposing it to, public sale, and that having fail ed to take such proper steps, the Taskers would have committed a breach of trust if they ha d intended that he, Ogle, should be bound by their agreements and deeds. After executing th e deeds and being informed that "it had been said his purchase was ineffectual," because of t he manner in which it had been transacted, Col. Tasker "expressed some resentment in the hear ing of some of the defendents and declared that he did not intend to take advantage," and tha t Ogle would be at liberty, on reaching age 21, to take the plantation or the money. (6) His home was at "Belair" in Prince George Co., MD. The pictures that were on the wall s were later in the possession of Harry Tayloe of Mount Airy, VA, great-great grandson of Gov . Benjamin Ogle. (1) A member of the Annapolis Jockey Club since before the War. (2) Was a member of the M D Jockey Club. (1) 1772: His horse Britannia finished 2nd for the Jockey Club Purse. (1) 1773: Bought the house in which he had been born and spent a good part of his childhood , lot 108 in Annapolis, MD, which his father had rented earlier, from his mother. (3) Ogle Ha ll became the residence of Benjamin, son of Samuel Ogle. He added the ballroom wing to the ho use in 1766. (NOTE: This would not be possible, since he was still in school in England. It m ust have been his mother that added the wing, or the date should be 1776, at which time his w ife wrote about construction at the house. See Henrietta Margaret Hill.) Lafayette called th e addition "the most beautiful ballroom in America." (6) Gov. Ogle's residence in Annapolis , corner of King George and College Avenues, was later purchased by Gov. Thomas George Pratt , 30th Governor of MD (1844-1847). (1,2) 1773, Oct: Sworn in as a member of the MD Executive Council (Governor's Council). (6 ) Appointed a member of the Executive Council. (8) Member of the Upper House of MD between Oc t 1773 and Apr 1774. It has been rumored around Annapolis that he had been chosen to the Uppe r House for the sole purpose of breaking a tie over a proposed inspection bill, but he denie d this allegation. (1) 1773, Oct: Hosted George Washington for dinner. (1) 1774, 27 Apr: The Chancellor of the Chancery Court ordered the defendants to deliver u p and put Ogle in possession of all contested lands and to pass deeds conveying to him all th eir rights and claims. He also ordered an account be taken, and that Ogle pay the defendant s 1700 pounds. Years passed before all the details were completely settled. (1) 1775, 6 Apr: Took complete possession of Belair. (2) Of Belair, Prince George's Co., MD . (1) 1775, Nov: Nominated in Prince George's Co. as a likely Field Officer "to the Battery o f the upper part of Patuxent." (8) An officer in the militia. (2) Member of the Committee of Observation. (1) 1777: Was working the several parcels of land his wife had inherited from her grandfath er Hill on the main road from Annapolis to Talley's Point on Chesapeake Bay. (1) 1777, 18 Sep: Placed an ad in the "Maryland Gazette" offering a $4 reward to the perso n who returned "a gold-headed cane, with the letter A engraved thereon," lost on the road fro m Annapolis to the Governor's Bridge. (1) 1777, 30 Oct: At about 9 a.m., a fire broke out in the kitchen of his Annapolis house " which consumed the same; but by the timely assistance of the inhabitants, it was prevented fr om spreading to the dwelling house, or doing any further damage." He replaced it with a singl e-story brick combined kitchen and laundry. (1) 1778: Took the Oath of Fidelity, Prince George's Co., MD. (1) Was paid by MD for providing lead and other supplies to the war effort. (8) There are frequent references to his receiving payment from the Auditor General for int erest due on certificates issued agreeable to the "Act to adjust the Debts due from this Stat e."(1) Combined the parcels his wife had inherited on the road from Annapolis to Talley's Poi nt through a resurvey granted to him into two large tracts named "Ogleton" and "The President ." They were usually referred to as "Mr. Ogle's farm near Annapolis." There and at Belair h e carried on the breeding of race horses. (2) British Ambassador Sir Augustus J. Foster dined with his son Benjamin Ogle at Belair i n Jun 1811 and wrote, "Mr. Ogle told me that some years previously his Father and other Propr ietors near the Shore had been much plagued by Visits from Sailors belonging to the Patriot s and other French Ships of War lying in the Chesapeake, four of his Sheep having, on one occ asion, been killed and carried off from a Farm belonging to him: a Compaint having been mad e to the Commandant, he advised the Gentlemen to arm their Negroes and order them to fire o n the offenders if they attempted to do so another Time: but he never offered to pay for th e Sheep, and the Sailors must have been under very loose discipline for the Messenger saw som e of them drunk and playing Cards while their officers appeared to walk by without noticing t hem." (8) 1781: Served as a member of the Governor's Council. (1) 1781, Jun: (1,8) Commissioned a Third Lieutenant in Capt. Samuel Harvey Howard's Indepe ndent Company of Militia in the City of Annapolis. (8) 1782: Served as a member of the Governor's Council. (1) 1782, Jun: Was pall bearer at the funeral of Mrs. Mary Carroll. (8) 1783, Nov: Elected to the Governor's Council. (8) 1784, 5 Jan: Resigned from the Governor's Council, apparently because of differences wi th his collegues. (1) 1784, May: The horse Badger, who had stood in stud on the farm near Annapolis in 1780 a nd at Belair in 1781 and 1782, won the Annapolis Jockey Club Purse of 60 Guineas. (2) Owned fox hounds Mountain and Muse, and from them bred Sophie, whose portrait was paint ed in oil. (1) 1785, Jun: Pledged 35 pounds, payable in three yearly installments commencing Jun 1785 , for the establishment of St. John's College in Annapolis. He paid only 17 pounds 10 shillin gs. He was regardless elected to St. John's Board of Visitors. (6) He was a personal friend of President Washington, by whom he was frequently consulted. (1) 1785, summer: Received a letter from George Washington, "I thank you for your obligin g offer of two or three Fawns, but presuming the season is now too far advanced either to cat ch or gentle them, I will not send before I hear further from you on this subject. If it is t oo late to obtain them this year, I would thank you for the like number next Spring; by thi s time I shall have a proper inclosure for them." (1) 1786, spring: George Washington wrote to George William Fairfax, "I am not a little obl iged to you for the assurance of contributing to this, by procuring for me a Buck and Doe o f the best English deer; but if you have not already been at this trouble, I would my good Si r, now wish to relieve you from it, as Mr. Ogle of Maryland has been so obliging as to presen t me six fawns from his park at Bellair." (1) c.1789: Wrote to his mother, "I think it is my duty to apologize to you for the damage d state of my affairs and to thank you sincerely for the indulgences you have allways shown m e - I began life in a stile which I could not afford, but Swindled by Barnes and his father o ut of 5000 pounds and plundered by the (illegible) out of the rest of my money I became unabl e to pay your annuity and have twice bonded by which means I owe you more than I am worth." (1) 1790: Re-elected to St. John's College Board of Visitors. (1) 1790, Apr: Gave notice that "pursuant to the directions of an act of Assembly," he inte nded to apply to the next county court for a commission to prove and mark the boundaries of B elair, Woodcock's Range, part of Larkin's Forest, Ridgley's Addition and part of Enfield Chas e. Using depositions made by longtime residents of the area, the county surveyors spent the r est of the year planting stone markers and re-establishing the boundaries. They finished on 1 1 Dec. (1) 1790, 17 Jun: The "Maryland Gazette" printed a letter by Philip Barton Key and John Kil ty, "Finding a report to be in circulation, that the dispute between Mr. Paca and Mr. Ogle wa s settled by the former's asking pardon - In order to remove an impression so injurious to th e character of that gentleman, we deny that any such degrading submission was made, or requir ed; and do agree to the following short statement of facts: Mr. Ogle having called Mr. Paca t o the field for satisfaction, Mr. Paca agreed to meet him for that purpose, and we were appoi nted their seconds; But it appearing to us that the dispute was not of consequence enough t o occasion a serious quarrel between men of such respectable character, and that it probabl y could be honourably settled on a proper and thorough investigation of it, we therefore exer ted ourselves to this purpose: and, finding that Mr. Paca had misconceived an expression i n a letter of Mr. Ogle's (supposing it to convey an intended reflection on his son) and unde r this supposition had written those letters which occasioned Mr. Ogle to call on him, we rep orted to the gentlemen the terms on which we conceived the matter might be adjusted - Accordi ngly, upon Mr. Ogle's declaring that he had no such intention, Mr. Paca then made a handsom e and gentlemanly apology to Mr. Ogle for the letters which were the subject of the dispute , they having originated from a misapprehension which Mr. Ogle's candor removed." (1) 1796, Dec: Deeded to his son Benjamin "for and in consideration of the love and affecti on" he bore, for shillings, the plantation of Belair and the surrounding tracts "together wit h all the the... household furniture, pictures, farming utensils and stock of every kind ther eon... During the rest of his natural life... at all and any time he may think proper so to d o," Benjamin I reserved the right to freely enter the premises "with servants, dogs and horse s to chase, kill and carry away any Deer." (1,2,8) 1798, 14 Nov: Elected Governor of MD. (1) The resignation of Gov. John Henry create d a vacancy, and under the MD constitution the governor was chosen by both houses of the Asse mbly for a term of 1 year, serving no more than 3 consecutive terms. J.N. Thomas wrote his wi fe Sarah at West River from Annapolis on 14 Nov that "a very unexpected Event has taken plac e - Tom Lee declined accepting the Appointment of Governour - and this Morning Mr. O. & M. Ca rroll were nominated as Candidates to fill the Office upon casting up the Ballots, there appe ard 42 Votes for Mr. O. - & 35 for Carroll, to the great joy of many of Us - Numbers have bee n here today to pay their Compliments to the Governour who was qualified about One oclock i n the Senate Chamber, when a Federal Salute was fird on the College Green." (6) 1798-1801: El ected 10th Governor of MD by the Assembly. (8a) Succeeded John Henry. The Legislature's firs t choice was Thomas Sim Lee who declined. Because of his refusal, "the legislature had severa l times been forced to accept a declination from one who had been chosen to the high office o f governor, and invariably after one of these humiliating experiences it sought out a less co nspicuous citizen upon whom to bestow the honor." (1) Was a Federalist. "He performed no monumental tasks but provided stability at a time i t was badly needed." (6) His administration was in the midst of violent political excitemen t between the Federalists, represented by President John Adams, and the Republicans, led by T homas Jefferson. In MD the people were about equally divided. The election having failed in t he Electoral College, it was, after 7 intense days, decided in the House of Representatives i n favor of Thomas Jefferson. (8) His administrations witnessed the preparation for possible w ar with France. The General Assembly sent a message to President John Adams in which it expr essed to him its approval of his manner of handling the crisis. (1) 1799, 4 Feb: Wrote his will. All his estate, both real and personal, was devised to hi s wife, Henrietta Margaret Hill Ogle. (1,8) 1799: Was re-elected Governor of MD. (6,8) 1799, Dec: Upon the death of President Washington, he issued a proclamation that 11 F eb 1800 be observed throught MD as "a day of mourning, humiliation and prayer for the decease d." His precedent is still observed yearly under the New Style calendar on 22 Feb. (8) The de ath of George Washington on 14 Dec seemed to affect him deeply. (1,8) 1800: Was unanimously re-elected Governor. (8) Served until 10 Nov 1801. (1) 1804, Jul: Rosalie Stier Calvert wrote her mother, "One thing which will astonish you i s the marriage of Mary Ogle to Beavens whom you knew very well in Annapolis. It must be tha t Mrs. Ogle has lost her mind to have engaged her daughter, against the wishes of her father , to marry such a man, because it is altogether the fault of the mother, who is almost estran ged from her her son and Mrs. Taloe because they wanted to prevent it... Yesterday my husban d (George Calvert) was at the house of the young Ben Ogle who told him that his father was s o terribly worked up about it that he was afraid he would die, being already in a precariou s state of health. He is going to go to Bath with him for a while." (1) 1804, fall: His horse Oscar, sired by Gabriel, won the Jockey Club purses in Annapoli s and Washington. (2) Bred and raced the blood horse Ogle's Oscar. (1) 1805, fall: Oscar again won the Jockey Club purses in Annapolis and Washington. (8) 1806: Retired from public life, dividing his time between his town house in Annapolis a nd his country estate in Prince George's County. (1) 1806, Mar: Oscar won the Baltimore Jockey Club purse. Benjamin advertised that Dorimant , "got by the famous horse Gabriel" and a descendant of Selima, would stand at his farm nea r Annapolis. (1) 1806, Sep: Certified as a member of the MD State Senate, representing the City of Annap olis. (8) Except for a brief interlude in 1806 when Annapolis chose him a Senatorial elector , he lived a quiet life. (1) 1807, 2 Feb: Wrote to his son Benjamin, "As I always found you willing to oblige me whi le living I doubt not you'll obey my last request - which is to order Shaw to put me in the g round in the most private manner, no invitations whatever & beg that none of my family put o n mourning." John Shaw was a well-known Annapolis cabinet and coffin maker. (1) Described by his grandson Benjamin Ogle Tayloe, "loved and revered by all who knew him. .. Strict integrity, the most elevated and unsullied honor, united with the kindest and mos t amiable feelings of the heart, were the characteristics of my grandfather. One who knew hi m well, the late Colonel Nathaniel Burwell, of Virginia, said 'he was the most perfect gentle man; I never knew any one like him.'" (1) At his death, he was deeply indebted to his mother. Out of necessity, his widow mortgag ed "The President" to Anne Ogle, thus giving security for the 8,858 pounds due her from her s on's estate.