Note: [ralphroberts.ged] [chaas2.ged] 1. WFT Volume 7, Tree #3325, Volume 5, Tree #1563 2. "Magna Carta Sureties, 1215" pg. 8: 3rd Earl of Norfolk Feb. 1221-1225, Magna Carta Surety, 1215 3. "Ancestors of Homer Beers" (Internet) Bigod Line (Earls of Norfolk) Ref; Crispin and Macary, "The Falaise Rolls". pg 98.; Burke, pg. 53: 3rd Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, the eldest son, was born before 1195. He was the hereditary steward of the king's household, and hereditary bearer of the Barons of St. Edmund. Not many particulars of this Baron's life have been preserved, as he enjoyed for only a few years the title of Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, and his father's estates and honors, to which he had succeeded in the 5th year of King Henry III. He died four years later, in February 1224-25. He married Maud Marshal. eldest daughter of William Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Isabel Clare, daughter of Richard de Clare, the Strongbow, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Dermot MacMurcha, King of Leinster, Ireland. She was also the sister of the Surety William Marshal, and by her (who married (2) William, Earl of Warren (Warrenne) and Surrey) had the following children: �1. Roger Bigod, his successor, 4th Earl of Norfolk, whose guardianship Alexander, King of Scotland, obtained for 500 marks. He attained high reputation in all martial and warlike exercises. Skillful and valiant alike in the tilting and battle field, he held high rank among the chivalrous spirits of his day, and won many a trophy in court and camp. In the tournament held at Blithe, in Nottingham (21st year of King Henry III., 1237), which terminated in a conflict between the southern and northern lords, the Earl of Norfolk was pre-eminently distinguished, and in a few years afterwards he gained new laurels at the battle of Antoigne(?). But the most distinguished event in his lordship's life was his personal dispute with King Henry III., as stated by Dugdale: - "In the 39th year of King Henry III. the Earl of Norfolk, making a just apology for Robert de Roos (Ros) (a great baron of that age), then charged with some crime, which endangered his life, he had very harsh language given him by the king, being openly called traytor; whereat, with a stern countenance, he told him (the King) that he lied; and, that he never was, nor would be a traytor; adding, 'if you do nothing but what the law warranteth, you can do me no harm.' - 'Yes,' qouth the king, 'I can thrash your corn, and sell it, and so humble you.' To which he replied, 'If you do so, I will send you the heads of your thrashers.' But by the interposing of the lords then present this heat soon passed over, so that (shortly after) he was, together with the Earl of Leicester and some others, sent on an embassy to the King of France, to treat with him for restoring some rights which he withheld from the king." He was subsequently appointed by the barons, after their victory at Lewes (48th year of Henry III.), Governor of the castle of Orford, in Suffolk. To this nobleman, by reason of his mother Maud being the eldest co-heiress of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, the Marshalship of England, with the rights thereunto belonging, was assigned. He married Isabel, sister of Alexander, King of Scotland, but died issueless in 1270, when all his honors and possessions devolved upon his nephew (refer to Hugh, 2nd son of the 3rd Earl), Roger Bigod. �2. Hugh Bigod, an eminent lawyer, appointed Chief Justice of England by the barons in 1257. He married (1) Joane Burnet, daughter of Robert Burnet, by whom he had issue: �1. Roger Bigod, his successor, 5th Earl of Norfolk, 2nd Earl Marshal of this family. This nobleman took part in the wars of King Edward I., having previously, however, in conjunction with the Earl of Hereford, compelled even that resolute monarch to ratify the Great Charter and Charter of the Forest. He married (1) Aliva Basset, daughter and heiress of Phillip Basset, Lord Basset, and a widow of Hugh Despencer, slain at Evesham, and (2) Joane Avenne, daughter of John de Avenne, Earl of Bayonne, but had no issue by either. In the 29th year of Edward I. the earl constituted that monarch his heir, and surrendered into his hands the marshal's rod, upon condition that it should be returned in the event of his having children, and that he should receive 1,000 pounds prompt, and 1,000 pounds a year for life; in consequence of which surrender his lordship was recreated Earl of Norfolk in 1302, with remainder to his heirs male by his first wife, but dying without issue, as stated above, in five years afterwards, the Earldom thus became extinct in the Bigod family, although he left a brother, John. �2. John Bigod, Knight, heir-in-law, brother to Roger, whose right seems to have been annihilated in this very unjust and extraordinary manner, and so completely destroyed that he did not even inherit any of the great estates of his ancestors. He left a son, Roger Bigod, Knight, of Lethingham. He left a son, John Bigod, Knight, who had a daughter, Lady Joan Bigod, who married William Chauncy, Knight, last Baron of Skirpenbeck, in Yorkshire. This line descends in seven generations to Rev. Charles Chauncy, Doctor of Divinity. He removed to New England in 1638, and became the second President of Harvard College, Cambridge, MA. Rev. Charles Chauncy of the mid-1700s was a close associate and personal friend of Jonathan Mayhew. Together they are credited with contributions toward the American Revolution. See his lineage in the Mayhew Line of Volume III. He married (2) Joane Stuteville, daughter of Nicholas Stuteville, and widow of ______ Wake, but had no issue. He fell under the baronial banner at the battle of Lewes. �3. Ralph Bigod �4. Isabel Bigod. Hugh was also one of the Sureties of the Magna Charta. In the right of his wife Hugh acquired the Earldom of Pembroke, and in this rank bore the royal scepter at the coronation of King Richard I. He and was succeeded by his eldest son, Roger.
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