John GRAHAM: Birth: BEF 1767.
Title: David Graham of Chester County, SC and his Descendants, 1772-1989
Author: Katharine Tolle Kell and Philip James Graham
Publication: Birmingham, Michigan, 1990
Note: [ralphroberts.ged] [samsloan.ged] s: Book "DAVID GRAHAM OF CHESTER COUNTY, S.C., AND HIS DESCENDANTS 1772- 1989" pages 61-64 His name was also written as Grimbs and Grimes. Many other variations.Probably born in Count y Antrim, Ireland. Died between 2 April 1795 (date of will) and 18 November 1800 (probate o f will). Among five shiploads of settlers led by the Rev. William Martin from Ulster to SC in late 177 2. Was on ship Pensylvania Farmer leaving Belfast on 16 October 1772 and arrving Charlesto n 19 Dec. 1772. On 6 Jan. 1773 went with group to SC General Assembly to request land grants . David was amoung few who could pay fee of about 5 pds per 100 acres, others received lan d as bounty. My great-great-great-great grandfather David Graham came from Ireland with his wife and child ren on the ship Pennsylvania Farmer which left Belfast 16 October 1772 and arrived in Charles ton, South Carolina on 19 December 1772. He arrived just in time to send two of his sons, one of which was my great-great-great grandf ather, Andrew Graham, to fight in the American Revolutionary War. Sam Sloan About David Graham Quotes from the out of print book, "David Graham of Chester County, South Carolina and His De scendants, 1772-1989 by Katharine Tolle Kell and Philip James Graham": p. 35 "In time, proof that the Graham name was first often written as Grimes or Grimbs wa s found in three sets of documents, copies of which were acquired. First the land which Andr ew Grimbs received in 1775 was clearly described in the grant; in 1790 Andrew Graham sold the land which had been granted to him, an d its description in the deed of sale matched the description in the grant to Andrew Grimbs i n 1775. Also in this deed, Andrew is generally referred to as Graham except in one passage , and in that passage he is called Grimes. Second, David Graham's audited Revolutionary acco unts contained two documents dated less than a month apart; in the first, he was called Davi d Grimes, and the second David Graham. Finally, in James Graham's audited Revolutionary acco unts there is a letter dated 1785 in which the writer stated that James's accounts audited bo re the name James Grimes whereas James signed his name to the order for his Indent as James G raham. Many years later, James applied for a pension and was refused at first because of th e spelling variation." NOTE: copies of these documents are in the book which I obtained fr om Philip Graham. Why the Graham's immigrated is explained in this book, beginning on page 13. Conditions in I reland in the mid 1700s were those of economic depression, with "rack-renting, low wages, inf lation, drought, crop failures, famine -- all these factors, either singly or in combination , signalling new floods of immigration. But the most concentrated period of migration was du ring the four years of 1771-74 when rack renting skyrocketed.... Lord Donegall's estate in Co unty Antrim was a special case. In 1770 he wanted ready cash, so he kept the rents at thei r former level but assessed fines amounting to 100,00 pounds as compensation. These fines, w hich were three or four times the rent, were far beyond the ability of anyone to pay, and th e tenants were evicted or their leases were turned over to middlemen. Many tenants then erupted into violence..." "The Graham family .. may have been among the unfortunate tenants on Lord Donegall's estate . The reason it is thought so is that they were probably parishioners of the church at whic h the Rev. William Martin was the pastor at the Kellswater congregation in County Antrim. Another family belonging to the church wer e the Stephensons who, according to a story handed down through the generations and recounte d by Jean Stephenson, had cousins among Donegall's tenants. The story is as follow: the cou sins, whose name was Beck, had not been able to pay their rent, and early in 1772 a land agen t came to collect it at the very time Mrs. Beck was giving birth with great difficulty to her first child. Mr. Beck, who was tall, strong, and heavy, picked up the agen t and literally threw him out of the house. The agent's neck was broken when he hit the grou nd. Mrs. Beck and her baby died; Mr. Beck disappeared, and nothing more is known of him. Th e following Sunday, so the story goes, Rev. Martin gave one of the impassioned sermons for wh ich he was noted. In it he referred with great eloquence to the religious persecutions whic h their forefathers had endured not only in Ulster but also in Scotland and England in earlie r days; he detailed clearly their present economic distress as well as the reasons for it, co ncluding that their condition would only worsen; and he then proposed that the entire congreg ation migrate with him to South Carolina." -- Story from Jean Stephenson, Scotch-Irish Migr ation to South Carolina, 1772 (Rev. William Martin and His Five Shiploads of Settlers), Washi nton, D.C., 1971, p. 2. Rev. William Martin was licensed in Scotland by the Reformed Presbyterians on 10 October 1756 , and installed as pastor in County Antrim in 1757 on the lower Bann River. "He was thoroughl y aware of economic conditions and by 1772 had probably been thinking of mgrating to Americ a for some time. Also, he received a call from a group in South Carolina." "Five ships had to be engaged to transport Martin's party which included about 1,100 people . The ships sailed at different times from different ports, and as was customary, the time s of sailing were delayed for various reasons. In the order of their departure, these ship s were the James and Mary, Lord Dunluce, Pennsylvania Farmer (the ship on which the Grahams s ailed), Hopewell, and Free Mason." "Pennsylvania Farmer, 350 tons,... finally sailed from Belfast on 16 October 1772, arriving a t Charleston on 19 Decmber 1772. This was the only one of five ships which advertised singl e berths. Passengers in addition to the Grahams include those named McDill, McKee (NOTE: Ja net McKee and her brothers may be included in this group), Mebin (Maben) (NOTE: other relativ es), McCollough, Wiley, and Brown." (Source cited: Janie Revill, A Compilation of the Original Lists of Protestant Immigrants to South Carolina, 1763-1773, Colu mbia, S.C. The State Company, 1939, pp. 125-6.) "Presumably, as each group arrived in Charleston they waited for the others, although where s o large a group lodged is an interesting question which cannot be answered. South Carolina h ad a land grant policy, and on 6 January 1773 most of the heads of families and single adult s in Martin's party went together before South Carolina's General Assembly to request land . Thus an invaluable listing of their names exits in South Carolina's records. They were li sted according to the ships on which they had sailed, and each list began with the names of t hose few who could pay the fees of about 5 pounds per hundred acres followed by the names o f those who could not pay (called "poor persons"). Most could not pay. The policy was to gi ve warrants for one hundred acres to every unmarried adult man and woman and one hundred acre s to every married man plus fifty acres apiece for each member of his household, including se rvants." (p 16) Although Martin's group probably expected to settle together as a community, they did not al l receive warrants for land in the same area, and were split up. "Four Grahams received war rants. David Graham, who was able to pay the fees, applied for four hundred acres. His thre e oldest children, Andrew, Jean, and Matthew, who could not pay, received warrants for one hu ndred acres apiece which meant they were single adults. The Grahams' warrants were for lan d in what was later southeast Chester County, and among others in the group whose warrants we re for land in the same area were those named Jamieson, Cherry, McQuiston, Fairy, Maben (note : later family relatives), Strong, Wiley, Brown, McCreight, Harbison, and Stinson (Stevenson) ... The Rev. William Martin's warrant was also for land in Chester County. " "The Revolutionary War broke out in 1775, and increasing bitterness arose between the Patriot s and Loyalists in the area, but not until the fall of Charleston in May 1780 and the Britis h invasion of the backcountry did the area become a battlefield. In June 1780 Martin preache d another of his impassioned sermons, and immediately after the service the men in his congre gation formed two companies who joined the American forces. The British then burned the Conv enanter meeting house and took Martin prisoner while he was in the act of preparing a secon d sermon urging resistance to England. " p. 34: "Three Graham men, perhaps four, were actively involved in the Revolution. David Gra ham, the father, provided food and blacksmith services for the Patriots. Andrew Graham, Davi d's oldest son, fought in at least two militias and provided beef for them. David also proba bly had a son named Matthew who may have fought and been killed, although no evidence of hi s doing so has been found. Almost nothing is known about Matthew except that he must have di ed between 1775 and 1778, and, given the events of the time, it seems possible that he was ki lled by some Tory. The Graham who was most deeply involved, however, was David's son James w ho was drafted in December 1778 at the age of seventeen, marched with the Patriots all over S outh Carolina, and was active in pursuing Tories after the war."
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