William /Sager/: Birth: 1779.
John /Sager/: Birth: 1780.
Elizabeth /Sager/: Birth: 1785. Death: 1855
Nancy Ann /Sager/: Birth: 1797.
Note: BARB HISTORY The Barb family lived in the village of H�chstenbach, Germany, for a hundred years before Jacob was born, perhaps longer. He came into this world on Nov. 28, 1725, the youngest of six children born to Wigandt and Eva Maria Barben. His official name was Barben, too, but he never used the -en because in Germany it only signified that he belonged to the Barb family, or "clan." Jacob was also bestowed with the cognomen Johann at birth, which was sometimes anglicized to "John" in America, but Jacob dropped that after arriving in America as did most of his countrymen who also possessed the name. Jacob's childhood and early adulthood were spent in H�chstenbach, a peaceful little village situated in the foothills of the Westerwald mountains about forty miles from the city of Bonn. The area was distinguished, then and now, by dense forests, gently rolling hills, winding roads and quaint little villages. The only industry was, and still is, the manufacturing of stoneware pottery, the area being known as "the land of the jug bakers." The Barbens were farmers, however, and Wigandt and Jacob barely managed to scrape a living out of the ground. Eva Maria Barben died when Jacob was 17, and Wigandt married again to Maria Catharina Richter, a widow from the village who brought with her into the Barben home her daughter and namesake, Maria Catharina, whom Jacob had known since childhood. Wigandt's second wife died within four months, and Jacob and his stepsister Maria Catharina Richter were married a year and a half later. They lost their first child, Eva Marie, in infancy but were blessed a year later with a son, Johann Adam. For centuries this part of Germany in which the Barbens lived was part of the Holy Roman Empire and exploited by the Catholic Church. The inhabitants of the area were called "Palatines," named after the Palatine Hill in Rome, under whose religious influence all were ruled. But Jacob's family had long resisted that church and subscribed to and practiced the teachings of Martin Luther, a disillusioned Catholic who instituted Protestantism into the country in 1517. And times were hard. For the previous sixty years there had been continual strife between factions of the Lutheran and Catholic churches. By the time Jacob had to support a family, this entire area was devastated by the ravishes of armed conflict between the two sides, and the local administration was under the control of the Catholics to the extent that everyone in H�chstenbach were restricted from worshipping in their own way. On top of that, the civil authorities imposed such heavy taxes on the citizens that they could barely survive from day to day. Jacob Barb had long known that the British government was offering reduced passage to all Protestant Germans to live in their colonies in America as a hedge against the French Catholics who were settling in Canada. For years Jacob watched his neighbors leave H�chstenbach for homes in America and other countries of Europe. Most of them just stole away in the night to avoid paying an emigration tax. In addition, it was required to pay a tax called "der Zehnter Pfennig," meaning the "tenth penny" (10%), on all exported property as well as mortgage releases and estate settlements. Wigandt Barben died not long after Jacob's marriage, and one of his sisters, Anna Gertrud, was married, so they had no ties to hold them back any longer. After many long discussions and much soul-searching Jacob and Maria decided to take the risk on an unknown fate in an unknown land and go to America! Jacob arranged with an agent of a British shipping company for passage to Philadelphia in the colony of Pennsylvania. All the family had to do was to get to the port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands. They practically had to give away their house and property to realize enough to pay the necessary taxes and have enough left over to get them to the sea. They would take with them the very minimum of possessions to avoid as much of the "tenth penny" as possible. But they paid what was necessary and were legally free to leave the country. On May 30th in the year 1749, Jacob, Maria, and Adam, accompanied by several families from H�chstenbach including Jacob's sister Anna Gertrud Hoffman and her family, set out for Rotterdam. On this day the pastor of the local Lutheran church there wrote in his family register, "dies Familie in Amerika gehen 1749, 30 May." There were no railroads in those days so the group packed their meager belongings into a cart and set out on foot along the hilly road to Bendorf on the Rhine River. It was only fifteen miles as the crow flies, but the actual distance was twice that because of the long twisting road. That was the most difficult part of the trip to the sea. Once in Bendorf they caught a flatboat for a leisurely float down the Rhine which was often interrupted by bandits imposing taxes on the travelers as they passed through these warlords' territories. Upon reaching Rotterdam, the party proceeded to the wharf where the British sailing vessel "Two Brothers" was docked. Her captain was Thomas Arnot. They learned this was to be "Two Brothers" first of several proposed voyages from Rotterdam to Philadelphia, although she had been transporting emigrants to America from other ports for many years. They didn't tarry long in Rotterdam. Not long after Jacob's party embarked and stored their few possessions below deck, "Two Brothers" was underway. The manifest showed three hundred twelve passengers, plus ship's complement, far too many for a ship of her size. Future voyages would reflect shorter passenger lists. Jacob signed his name as Jacob Barb instead of Barben. "Two Brothers" stopped for a layover at the port of Cowes on the Isle of Wight off the southern coast of England. Then came the long final run across the Atlantic Ocean to America. Because of the overcrowding, conditions were difficult and got worse as the voyage progressed. The passengers experienced every problem imaginable. After an extended period at sea of about a hundred days the ship arrived off the coast of New Jersey and prepared to sail up the Delaware River into Philadelphia. On Sept. 14, 1749, "Two Brothers" tied up at dock in that port and the passengers disembarked. As a protection to the British government, all heads-of-household were required to take a special oath of allegiance to the English Crown and were marched to the courthouse that very day. Those physically unable to join this band due to the debilitating voyage were later administered to separately. The statement, translated from the German, read as follows: "We Subscribers, Natives and late Inhabitants of the Palatinate upon the Rhine & Places adjacent, will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to his present MAJESTY KING GEORGE THE SECOND, and his Successors, Kings of Great Britain, and will be faithful to the Proprietor of this Province: and will demean ourselves peaceable and strictly observe and conform to the Laws of England and of the Province." After swearing to this oath, all males over the age of 18 were required to sign their names, or have them signed for them, thus subscribing to the declaration. During a span of fifty years preceding and including the passengers of "Two Brothers," there were over sixty thousand immigrants fleeing the Palatinate who secured asylum at the Port of Philadelphia. Another ceremony that had to be performed before a passenger was free to go his own way was a public auction for his services if he could not pay for his passage upon arrival at Philadelphia. Such individuals and their families were usually redeemed at �10 for three to five years' servitude. And so Jacob Barb and family began a new life in America, and it was wonderful for the small family. The common man here lived in peace, better off than a nobleman where they had come from. Compared to Germany they were in a totally free country. Jacob didn't become a landowner for twenty years, but he noticed that those who did own land paid minimal taxes once a year with no tithes or tariffs. Hunting and fishing were free, and the soil was so fertile that anything grew! Textbooks explain more about some subjects mentioned herein, such as religious oppression and political freedom, but it is difficult to convey in books what was in the hearts of that German vanguard which risked everything on a chance for a new beginning. There was a special spark in their characters that enabled them to manifest such traits as steadiness, industry, frugality, and patriotic devotion in and to their new country. The Barbs lived and labored in primarily German-culture settlements in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, and Loudoun County, Virginia, before finally coming to rest in the Shenandoah Valley of that state near Woodstock. Everywhere they lived they made lifelong friends with their neighbors, some of whom moved with them from place to place along the way and whose children and grandchildren intermarried with Jacob's. Documented reference to Jacob Barb is first found in this country in the tithable (tax) tables of Loudoun County, Va., in 1769 where he leased land in Cameron parish between Sugarland and Broad Runs not far from the present-day location of Dulles International Airport. His closest neighbors were Harbard Winegardner, John Sager, George Drum, and Adam Poke. By this year Jacob Barb and wife had had seven more children born to them in America and two more were later born in Loudoun County, bringing the total to ten children living and one deceased. Jacob Barb's first known land agreement in America was a lease of 203 acres from Thomas Ludwell Lee in Loudoun County dated 16 Apr 1770. His last was a quitrent contract dated 14 June 1779 for 100 acres from Thomas Blenry. In comparing photographs of Woodstock, Virginia and H�chstenbach, Germany, both set against the verdant hills, and taking note of the topography and German architecture, the two villages are indistinguishable. When Jacob Barb joined his sons a few months later, he must have felt he had come home at last. One son and two daughters and their families remained in Loudoun County as late as 1792, but they all eventually followed their father to the Shenandoah Valley, although the daughters stayed but briefly before moving on elsewhere. Tradition had it that Jacob Barb lived over 100 years, and a date of birth had even been calculated for him from his deathdate. But as was so often the case with people who lived longer than usual, Jacob's age had been exaggerated. H�chstenbach parish records make it clear that he was only 93 when he died on 20 Apr 1819. Jacob lived out his last years with his son Henry, six of his children having moved west by the time of his death. He is probably buried in a now-unmarked grave in the cemetery of the Lutheran and German Reformed Solomon Church in nearby Forestville, Virginia. Henry Barb is known to have worshipped there and is buried there. Several of Henry's grandchildren were also baptized there. Henry outlived his father by only a few months. But in all of that church's records--communion, subscription, confirmation, officers, or in any other connection--which commence in 1793, there is no mention of Jacob Barb. He died in testate, only the lists of inventory and settlement of his estate remaining to show amongst whom his personal property was divided. We have several other such legal documents pertaining to Jacob Barb in Loudoun and Shenandoah Counties, but they are unremarkable in nature and reproducing them here would lay without the realm of this report, which is primarily to address the descendants of Jacob Barb.
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