Individual Page


Family
Marriage: Children:
  1. Walter Raleigh: Birth: OCT 1593. Death: 1616 in Guiana

  2. Carew Raleigh: Birth: 15 FEB 1605 in Tower of London.


Sources
1. Title:   UK Genealogy
Author:   Nigel Batty-Smith
Publication:   Name: Name: Internet; Location: <a href="http://www.uk-genealogy.org.uk"target="new">UK Genealogy</a>;;
2. Title:   UK Genealogy
Author:   Nigel Batty-Smith
Publication:   Name: Name: Internet; Location: <a href="http://www.uk-genealogy.org.uk"target="new">UK Genealogy</a>;;
3. Title:   UK Genealogy
Author:   Nigel Batty-Smith
Publication:   Name: Name: Internet; Location: <a href="http://www.uk-genealogy.org.uk"target="new">UK Genealogy</a>;;

Notes
a. Note:   H2321
Note:   <img src="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~floyer/jpegs/07506.jpg" align="right" width="223" height="288" style="margin:10px 10px" alt="Sir Walter Raleigh"> <a href="http://www.devon-cc.gov.uk/tourism/pages/woodbury/raleigh.html" target="new"> Sir Walter Raleigh</a> was born at Hayes Barton, Devon in 1552. He was half brother to Sir Humphrey and Sir John Gilbert, from his mother's first marriage. He was a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, although there is little to confirm the famous story of how he spread his cloak across a puddle so that the Queen could walk over it, except for the cloak included in his coat of arms. Raleigh never actually set foot in North America, he just organised and helped finance the expeditions. The Queen refused to permit him to risk his life by going expeditions. One of his employees brought back the first potato to the British Isles which was first planted on Raleigh's Irish estate at Youghall. Raleigh made smoking fashionable, but it was Sir John Hawkins (or possibly Thomas Hariot, according to one account) who introduced tobacco to England. The Treasury was very short of money to finance a fleet to fight the Armada, so Raleigh arranged for the construction of "The Ark Royal", which weighed 800 tons and was completed in 1587. Raleigh donated the ship in exchange for an I.O.U. of �5,000. In 1588 Sir Richard Grenville and Raleigh took over the joint defense of Devon and Cornwall against the expected Spanish Armada. They arranged the construction of a series of beacons along the coasts. These were to be lit when the Armada was first sighted. As it happened, land-based soldiers did little but watch the sea battles from the coast and guard some Spanish prisoners. The Queen was not happy with Raleigh's love affair with Bessie Throckmorton, one of her Maids of Honour, so she had him thrown in the Tower of London.She released him after one of his ships brought back a huge treasure from the Spanish ship "Madre De Dios". Sir Walter and Bessie married and retired to his manor at Sherborne, Dorset, where he built Sherborne Castle in 1594. After Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, James I took the throne, and Raleigh was framed as a member of a plot against the throne and sentenced to life imprisonment. During his imprisonment in the Bloody Tower he wrote the "History of the World" which was first printed in 1614. He was released from prison but was then involved in another expedition against the Spanish. The expedition failed and he was re-arrested on the previous charges of conspiracy and sentenced to be beheaded. For an interesting story of the interaction between Sir Walter and the Floyer and Carew families please see <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~floyer/papists.htm" target="new"> Two Devonshire Papists in the Time of Queen Elizabeth</a> by J. K. Floyer.


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