Note: Governor of Virginia during the Pirate reign ALEXANDER SPOTSWOOD, b. 1686, on an English man-of-war in the harbor of Tangier, son of Dr. Robert SPOTSWOOD, and his wife Catherine Mercer, widow of Gov. Elliott of Tangier; m. Anne Butler BRAYNE, dau. and co-heiress of [p.497] Edward BRAYNE, Esq., St. Margaret's Parish, Westminster, London. He was Col. and A.D.C. under the Duke of Marlborough's command. He did distinguished service at the battle of Blenheim. He was later appointed Asst. Quartermaster General of the army in North Britain, Gov. of Virginia, Postmaster General of the American Colonies, Major General and Commander-in-Chief of the Colonial Army. He resided in Virginia between 1710 and 1740. He is supposed to have received knighthood in consideration of his expedition across the mountains of Virginia. The gentlemen who accompanied him were afterwards designated as Knights of the Golden Horseshoe. Outside of executive duties he was interested in the mining and manufacture of iron. Associated with him was his halfbrother, Gen. Roger Elliott of London. He established the first blast furnace in America. His Virginia estates in Spotsylvania Co., embraced a large part of that county and the latter took its name from Spottswood in consequence. His principal seat was Germanna and adjacent to it was the village occupied by the German settlers he brought over to operate his ore properties. He died at Annapolis in 1740 just as he was going to embark with Admiral Vernon's fleet to take charge of the land forces in the attack on Carthagena
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