Note: Marriage 1 Margaret GREY b: 1485 Children 1. George GARDINER The following was contributed by LaRay Harmon at [email protected] The original sources are unknown, but might be The Cambridge Guide and Stephen Gardiner 1493-1555, Encyclopedia Britannica: Bishop of Winchester Died: Whitehall Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England "The family name of Gardiner, in it's numerous variety of forms, can be traced back in English history to William the Conqueror, who in the year 1066, defeated the Saxon King, Harold, in the Battle of Hastings and subsequently introduced the Medieval European civilization to the British Isles. Both men, William Des Jardine and William the Conqueror, have been identified by historians as great Grandsons of William the Longsword...The family name of DES JARDINE (pronounced De-Shar-de-ne') apparently was not passed down from William the Longsword but resulted from the marriage of William Des Jardine's father to William the Longsword's granddaughter... Since the family-name of GARDINER was first introduced into the British Isles as DES JARDINE, it remained unchanged in the areas of heavy Norman population for perhaps a century before it became De Jardine, then Jardine, Gardine, etc. In the areas more heavily populated by the Romans it became De Gardino, D'Gardino, etc. In the areas more heavily populated by the Britions, Danes and Saxons, it appeared in the Twelfth Century as De Jardin, Jardin, Gardin, etc...Geographical location also played a major role in determining how family names were spelled. In Scotland, for example, GARDINER was known as Gardenkirk. In Wales it was spelled Gardynyr. Across the line in Gloustershire it was slightly altered to read Gardyner..." (ix-x, Gardiner: Generations and Relations, Thomas Richard Gardiner) Stephen Gardiner (1493-1555) Born: 1493 at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk Bishop of Winchester Died: 12th November 1555 at Whitehall Palace, Westminster, Middlesex Stephen Gardiner was born in 1483 at Bury St. Edmunds, "one of the best airs in England," says Fuller, "the sharpness of which he retained in his wit and quick apprehension." After his education at Cambridge, he passed from the family of the Duke of Norfolk into that of Wolsey, by whom he was greatly favoured. Gardiner's services in the cause of the Cardinal, and in that of King Henry VIII, were rewarded on the death of the former by the Bishopric of Winchester, Gardiner haying been appointed Archdeacon of Norwich in 1529. In his book, De Vera Obedientia, Gardiner supported the Royal supremacy claimed by King Henry and remained in tolerable favour at court during the remainder of that reign, not, however, without encountering sundry perilous storms. His 'sanguinary temper' is said to have been first shown in his attack on Lambert and, more decidedly, in the statute of the six articles. Usually known as the 'bloody statute,' this famous law, on which so many deniers of the 'real presence' were executed, was framed and projected by Gardiner. For the greater part of the reign of Edward VI, Gardiner was kept a close prisoner in the Tower and has, at least, the merit of remaining firm to the 'old religion'. This was in strong contrast to the numerous company of "chamaelion statesmen" who changed their creed as often as it became necessary. In 1550, Gardiner was deprived of his bishopric, to which, however, he was restored on the accession of Mary Tudor in 1553. In September of that same year, the great seal was delivered to him and, on 1st October, he placed the crown on the head of Queen Mary. His share in the Marian persecutions need here only be alluded to. Although it is probable that the number of victims has been greatly exaggerated and that the personal cruelty of Gardiner and Bonner was less ferocious than is usually the fashion to represent it, there can be little doubt but that the former, at least, deserves much of the odium which popular hatred has cast upon his name. "His malice," says Fuller, "was like what is commonly said of white powder, which surely discharged the bullet, yet made no report, being secret in all his acts of cruelty. This made him often chide Bonner, calling him "ass," though not so much for killing poor people, as for not doing it more cunningly." Great ill-will existed between Gardiner and Cardinal Pole, to which it is said that Cranmer owed the preservation of his life for some months. His execution did not, at all events, take place until after Gardiner's death, which occurred at Westminster in 1555. "I have sinned with Peter," he is said to have exclaimed on his deathbed, " but I have not wept with him." The story told by Fox, that Gardiner refused to dine on the day of the burning of Ridley and Latimer, until he heard from his servants posted along the road, that the faggots were kindled about them, and that whilst at table he was seized with mortal illness, has been effectively disproved. After lying in state at Southwark, he was conveyed to Winchester in a cart, hung with black and having his effigy in episcopal robes placed without it. His chantry chapel may still be seen on the north side of the altar at Winchester Cathedral Trinity Hall was founded in 1350 by William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich. It is the fifth oldest college in Cambridge. Bishop Bateman initially restricted the college to students of Law, and it has remained strong in this discipline. An old boy of the college was Stephen Gardiner (1497-1555), who not only held the posts of Master of Trinity Hall, Chancellor of the University, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor of England, but was also the chief adviser to William VIII and Mary I. Other ex-students have been the father of Virginia Woolf, Leslie Stephen, and J.B. Priestley.
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