Sarah Bolling: Death: AFT 1790
Note: ity Co., Gloucester Co., New Kent, King & Queen, King William, Hanover & Caroline. Intermarried and allied families such as Bell, Wisdom, Collins, Taylor , Herndon, Gaines, Clack appeared in Gloucester Co., King and Queen; others such as Bledsoe, Berry, Wood, Harris moved with Bollings from Orange Co. to Albemarle Co., VA, then moved to Oglethorpe Co., GA prior to 1800. For further research on Mrs. Ann Bolling's surname, Coleman or Garton could be possibilities. Ambrose Coleman was agent or admin. or estate of Thornberry Bolling in Orange co., VA in 1763. However, later research indicated Ambrose Coleman frequently was an agent or admin. of estates in Orange Co. (See Coleman file in Joyce Poole's Bolling folder 2005) Gartons were neighbors of the Bollings and witnessed documents for them. From files of A. Deason Smith: Concerning the fabricated connection to Robert Bolling of the Pocahontas line: For reasons unknown, the alleged connection between [a non-existent] William Bolling (1731-1776/8) was caused by a fabrication conceived by a researcher who was looking for a way to the lineage of another William Bolling who was living at the same relative time.There were more than one William Bollings then, but the most likely one who fit the bill was William Bolling (1707-1772). [This fabrication created a couple: William Bolling 1731-1776 and wife Amelia Randolph, to be the parents of Samuel Bolling. Then linking this William Bolling as a son Major John Bolling 1700-1757 gave Samuel Bolling a lineage back to Pocahontas, so that Samuel's descendants could join Colonial Dames as descendants of Jane Rolfe and Pocahontas.] The fabricated connection was made more fraudulent when some other person wrote a passage [supposedly] in the Bible of this William's son (Samuel) that described the relationship of Samuel's father with Major John Bolling (1700-1757), a direct descendant (as you know ) of Pocahontas [by his wife Elizabeth Blair]. This [so-called] Bible passage was snapped up by another later researcher and passed to a Mississippi judge named Zelma Wells Price, who published the erroneous list of John Bolling's children in her book, "From Whom I Came, From Whence I Come". From that point on, literally hundreds of people have used Judge Price's book as authentication of kinship to Pocahontas. Later researchers were able to find wills, a biography of the "Red" John Bolling by one of John's sons, and other documents which proved that at least three and probably four of the children listed were not children of John and Elizabeth Blair Bolling. AS DNA genetic testing came along, and it was quite simple to uncover the DNA signature (or profile) of the 1660 immigrant, Robert Bolling (1646-1709). Since John Bolling had to have exactly the same profile as his grandfather, later tests of authenticated descendants of alleged descendants of some of the children proved conclusively that none of the folks who claimed William [1731-1776] as an ancestor were descendants of Robert Bolling. [These folks matched the DNA of John Bolling of Orange Co., VA, proven son of William Bolling 1707-1772 of Orange Co., VA.] The William who was alleged to have been born in 1731 and Amelia Randolph never existed. There were Williams at that time, a couple of whom happened to descend from Pocahontas, but none of them through Major John Bolling. [Written by A. D. Smith] Spotsylvania Co., VA Will Book A, 4 December 1722 O.S., Page 13 On Petition of Jacob Wall Overseer of ye road from Germana along the ridge to the mountain Run so a Cross the said run between Collo: Caterss & Mr Skreens Quarter petitioning this Court & complaining against Several persons hereafter mentiond ffor not appearing and helping him as overseer appointed by this Court, to Clear the Said road upon his 6 warning & summonds, the Court affter examining the said persons, ordered as followeth That William Aginfeild be fined for absenting himself two days . William Bolen for ffor three days [Could be William 1705-1772] John Bolen for five days David Bolen for five days Abram. ffeild for five days [Abraham Mayfield?] and that thay pay for each days absence and contempt as the Law directs with Costs as the Law directs with Cost alias: John Hows and William Thomas makeing it appear that they were disabled by sickness & were excused for their absence & complaint of ye Said Jacob Wall Overseer [See at bottom of notes one John Bowling in Orange Co. 1742 record who could be this man John Bolen.] Orange Co., VA tax lists for 1737 Tithe delinquents List of delinquents for the year 1737: John Boling, 1 levy William Boling, 1 levy [William b 1705 d 1772 Orange Co., VA] William Collins, 2 levies Tithables, Part 1 [Note by Joyce P: might these be the John and William Bolen in Spotsylvania Co. in 1722?] Orange Co., VA 23 October 1755 N.S., Order Book 6, Page 180 Ordered that Richard Woolfolk overseer of the road have the following Persons for his Gang Vizt. John Hendersons Male Thiths, Joseph Henderson Joseph Woolfolk William Long, MalichiChiles, John Shears, Reubin Daniel, Richard Bradley, Thomas Merry, William Bolling, Abraham Mayfield, Samuel Brockman, James Atkins, John Wright & Abram Cook with the said RichardWoolfolks Gang Clear & keep the sd. Road in Repair . IT IS POSSIBLE THAT WILLIIAM BOLLING WAS MARRIED TWICE. IF SO, HIS FIRST WIFE COULD WELL BE THE MOTHER OF JOHN AND SAMUEL. NOTICE IN THE FOLLOWING DEED SAMUEL IS REFERED TO AS "HIS" SON AND NOT "OUR" SON. That may or not be significant, since women were considered so legally unimportant in those days. Orange Co. VA Deed Abst. 1743-1759 Bk 12 pg 67-68 24 Aug 1749 between George Taylor, Gent., (OC) and William Bowling (same) in consideration of covenants, hath granted to farm lett - one plantation cont. 57 acres, formerly belonging to William Donathan on which Francis Hensley lately lived. To hold during the natural lives of the said William Bowling, Anne, his wife, and Samuel Bowling, his son or longest liver paying on 5 Dec 500 pbs of Tobacco, also every year, first day of Feb, one fat hen, Capon or pullett, and delivering it at the dwelling house of George Taylor... sgd. Geo. Taylor Wit: Matthew Hubbard, William Isbell. Rec 28 Nov 1751 Deed Book 12, pp. 67-68, Orange County, VA, August 24, 1749 George Taylor, Gent. of Orange County leased 57 acres to William Bowling, his heirs, Exrs. and Adms. for and during the natural lives of him the said William Bowling, Ann his wife and Samuel Bowling, his son and the longest liver of them. (1) The rent to be paid for 500 lbs. tobacco cash on Fredericksburg Warehouse on (each) fifth day of December. (2) One fat hen or pullet delivered on each 1st day of February to the home of the sd. Geo. Taylor. (3) 100 additional pounds of tobacco for each tithable kept by Wm. Bowling & his children. (4) Wm. Bowling shall cause 100 apple trees to be planted in an orchard within three years of date of this lease and will keep the same well cultivated and within a good fence. Wit.: Matthew Hubbard, William Isbell Recorded: Thursday, Nov. 28, 1751. Explanation of the LONGEST LIVER Contract (or lives contract) used in Virginia (from A. D. Smith): I think you will see that the tobacco was paid once, not yearly. The hen is technically a yearly payment. The family made a one-time payment - which might be the true value of land [rarely] or less. The tenants are essentially buying use of the property, but not ownership. The lease and land can't be passed to heirs, therefore they pay less than the true value of a sale. Every conveyance must contain "consideration". Consideration can mean the value of the land, say 100 pounds, or "love and affection", or 10 shillings, or 500 pounds of tobacco - whatever the parties agree on. In addition to the consideration, deeds often specify the quit rent that attaches to the land. The fat hen is rent. *Rent* is the profit from land, paid in money, provisions, labor, etc,. [whatever the parties agree on] In this case, the hen might really have been given to the owner, but usually, the rent is a shilling, peppercorn, or Indian corn, which was never intended to be paid. The hen can be compared to paying "tribute" to the original owner, whether actually paid, or not.. The owner gets "cash up front". He does not give up the title or ownership of the property, but gives up the "use of land", and all profit from it. The leasee gets to use the land for a specific period. [99 years, 500 years, or for the life of the tenant, etc] . The tenant gets to keep any product, benefit, or profit from the land, for the term of the lease. The leasehold estate ends with Samuel's death. He can't will the land to anyone. The land reverts to the heirs of the owner, George. In this case, the land could be rich or poor. The individuals might be rich or poor. Even wealthy people used this form of conveyance for a number of reasons. For instance, some plantation owners wanted a piece of land to house slaves near the fields they were working, which could be miles away from the big house. Field hands needed an overseer. This land could even adjoin another tract owned outright by the tenants They might be adding to their estate, or needing Samuel to be near an elderly relative. [a lot of options here] In legal discussions of leasehold, it is pointed out that the tenants are often "friendly tenants", meaning they often have a relationship, by blood or friendship, with the owner. In a farm-let leasehold, the land is sometimes already destined to become the property of the tenants. Samuel might have a "future interest" in the land, if for instance, he stood to inherit the land anyway. You can be sure that a family of three couldn't live well on 67 acres, even if it were great land. IF this was their only land, they could be considered "poor". This is especially true, since this was a contract with the owner. If the owner died, the new owners didn't have to necesarily honor the contract. Tenants were sometimes thrown off the land, which is why this form of conveyance was usually between people who knew each other. "Farm" originally meant, "a leased or rented tract of land". Manors, plantations, tracts, were *owned*. Farms were only rented or leased, never owned. Lease, let, and farm, had the same meaning. Today, when we say, "I'm going to *farm out* this job to someone else", we mean we are going to let someone else take over. In this sense, Samuel's family could have been doing George a favor - maybe George leased, so someone else could "take over". In leases such as this, the youngest child (Samuel) was always included, as it was thought that he would be the "longest Liver" and the lease would then extend for a greater length of time. This indicates to us that Samuel was born a few years before the August 1749 date. We know that William and Ann were obviously of age and old enough to have a child. "Based on the longest-liver lease and later records, I have estimated a birth date of about 1744 for Samuel." Orange County, VA. Deed Book 12, page 160: William Sims and Annister Sims, his wife, of St. Thomas Parish, Orange County, Planter, to William Bolling of same co. and Parish, Planter, for #19 current money of Virginia, 300 acres on a branch of the Pamunky River granted by Patent March, 1736 to Richard Kemp...Kemp to William McDonaugh by deed July, 1741...by deed to Richard Sims, deceased, father to William Sims. Wit., Zachery Taylor, John Cave, William Bickers. Recorded June 28, 1753. [Could William Bolling's wife have been a sister of William Sims? We should research Richard Sims' will or estate. William Sims was born 1731 so cannot be father of Ann Bolling.] Orange County Virginia Tithables 1735 - 1782 List of Delinquents for year 1737 John Boling1 Levy26 William Boling1 26 List of Delinquents for year 1758 Willm BollingX 2 Judgment Sept 1759 W. Bolling3 Judgments Nov 1760 Wm Bolling5 Tiths 1764 Wm Bolling2 Order Bk 7 Min Bk 1 p. 310 23 May 1765 (mb p. 68) William Bolling being a Poor man being old & Infirm is excused from paying County levy Tithables 1765 W. Thornberry1 Tithables 1767 Jon Boling4 Tithables 1768 William Boling2 John Boling4 Tithables 1769 John Boling1 Orange County, VA. Order Book 8, page 175: At a court held April 23, 1772, John Bowling granted administration of Estate of William Bowling, deceased, whereupon he with Samuel Brockman, Jr., John Atkins and Conyers White, his security, entered into and acknowledged their bond for the same in the sum of #500. [In those times, primogeniture was still in effect in VA; the eldest son would have inherited all the land, unless there was a will stipulating otherwise.] Orange County, VA. Order Book 8, page 256: At a court held May 28, 1773: Andrew Shepard & Co. vs John Bowling, Adm. of William Bowling, deceased. This day came the plaintiffs, by their attorney, and the said John Bowling, eldest son and heir of his deceased father, William Bowling, by a note under his hand confessed to the complainants bill. Judgement Granted. Estate administered April 23, 1772, Orange County, VA. Orange County Will Abstracts 1744-1778 pg. 93 (pg 449) Wm. Bowling. Inventory. 24 April 1772 To 1 cow and earling and bell 3.15.0 To 1 cow and one heefer & bell L3.17.6 to 2 cows & caves L9.0.0 12.17.6 To 3 garling. L1.17.6 to 1sow & piggs 25/. to 10 hogs at 7/60 apiece L3.15.0 6.17.6 To 9 head of sheep L2.12.6 to 1 black horse L6.0.0 8.12.6 To 1 bed and furniture of cow hids 7.10.0 To 2 beds and furniture L 9.10.0 to 1 gun L4.10.011. 0.0 To pewter dishes basons and spoons 1.14.0 To 2 bin pans 4/ to knives and fork & shem 5/6 0. 9.6 To 6 jugg 7 bottles 1 spice martes of pepet 0.15.6 To 1 box iron of heaboct 5/ to 1 flex wheel 12/ to 1 mans saddle 5/ 1. 5.0 To 1 table & 6 chairs & 1 chest 12/ to 2 pices of hand leather 3neuheds 30/ 2. 8.0 To carpenters tools 7/6 to 2pot of hooks 1 frying pan L 1.6.3 1.13.4 To 8 book 15/ 3 water pacts 5/ 1. 0.0 To planters tools hoes a set of wedges 1.10.0 To 2 lydes cash 1 bell 64 geese of 2 tubs 1. 5.6 Pursuant to an Order of Court we the subscribers have appraised the Estate of William Bowling according to the above amount.Stephen K. Smith James Smith Joseph Bell At a court held for Orange County on Thursday the 28th of May 1772 This Inventory of appraisement of the estate of Wm. Bowling deced being returned is ordered to be recorded. Test. Geo. Taylor Cth Cur. The Valley Forge National Parks Authority states the the muster roll shown on the website does include a William Bowling died in 1778, who is the son of William 1705-1772 and wife Ann. Another William Bowling died at Valley Forge about this same time, but he is son of James Bolling of Pittsylvania Co., VA whose will was pr. in 1772. Re: Indians associating with European families in Orange Co., VA: Two slightly different versions here: Orange Co., VA. Order Book No. 3, 1741-43. At a Court held for Orange County on 27 January 1742 (1743 NS). Thursday, the seventh day of January MDCCXLIII, p. 309: "Alexander Machartoon, John Bowling, Manincassa, Capt. Tom, Isaac, Harry, Blind Tom, Foolish Jack, Charles Griffin, John Collins, Little Jack, Indians being brought before the Court by precept under the hands & seals of Wm. Russell & Edward Spencer, Gent., for terrifying one Lawrence Strother & on suspicion of stealing hoggs..." pp. 309-312. The above put up security individually. It was ordered that their guns be taken from them till they are ready to depart out of this county. "they having declared their intentions to the Court to depart this colony within a week." Now, "A History of Orange County, Virginia" by W. W. Scott., Chapter VII. "1742. Sundry Indians, among them Manincassa, Captain Tom, Blind Tom, Foolish Zack and Little Zack, were before the Court for "terrifying" one Lawrence Strother, who testified that one of them shot at him, that they tried to surround him, that he turned his horse and rid (sic) off, but they gained on him till he crossed the run. Ordered that the Indians be taken into custody by the Sheriff until they give peace bonds with security and that their guns be taken from them until they are ready to depart out of this colony, they having declared their intention to depart by the end of the week. They gave bond." Found it interesting that Scott was selective in the names he left in his reporting of this, Alexander Machartoon could possibly be Indian name or not, Harry and Isaac - I assumed to be since no surname, the John Bowling, Charles Griffin and John Collins certainly do not sound Indian, so were they left off for that reason? In 1714, Gov. Spotswood placed the Rev. Charles Griffin as a teacher to the Indians at Fort Christiana in Brunswick Co. "in short time Mr. Griffin had over seventy Indian children under his tuition, and the Indians came to have such a warm affection for him that if he had let them do so they would have made him chief of the nations... . 1718 - General Assembly withdrew its support of Fort Christiana...and Mr. Griffin (Charles Griffin) was retired to the care of the Indian School at William & Mary College. (Source: Brunswick County, VA - Fort Christiana; W&M Qtly, Vol. 9, No. 4. So could this Charles Griffin in 1742 Orange Co. Court have been this Charles Griffin or a son? Was he, if the son, part Indian or just closely connected with the Indians because of this work or rearing? John Bowling and John Collins likewise may not be Indian, perhaps had some association with them or perhaps had some Indian heritage - that is just unknown at this point. Do note that the Court makes reference to all of them as Indians. I just want to know more about this John Bowling, and really have found nothing beyond above and I have checked out several Melungeon sites. (From Melba Dingler Feb 2008)
Note: William Bolling may have roots in burned counties of VA from Elizabeth C
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