EADWARD (EDWARD) *: Birth: 870. Death: 924
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Note: time of constant Viking attack. He was driven into hiding by a Vikingraid into Wessex, led by the Dane, Guthorm, and took refuge in theAthelney marshes in Somerset. There, he recovered sufficient strengthto be able to defeat the Danes decisively at the Battle of Eddington.As a condition of the peace treaty which followed, Guthorm receivedChristian baptism and withdrew his forces from Wessex, with Alfredrecognizing the Danish control over East Anglia and parts of Mercia.This partition of England, called the "Danelaw", was formalized byanother treaty in 886. Alfred created a series of fortifications to surround his kingdom andprovide needed security from invasion. The Anglo-Saxon word for theseforts, "burh", has come down to us in the common place-name suffix,"bury." He also constructed a fleet of ships to augment his otherdefenses, and in so doing became known as the "Father of the EnglishNavy." The reign of Alfred was known for more than military success.He was a codifier of law, a promoter of education and a suppor|er ofthe arts. He, himself, was a scholar and translated Latin books intothe Anglo-Saxon tongue. The definitive contemporary work on Alfred'slife is an unfinished account in Latin by Asser, a Welshman, bishop ofSherbourne and Alfred's counsellor. After his death, he was buried inhis capital city of Winchester, and is the only English monarch inhistory to carry the title, "the Great."
Note: Youngest son of King �thelwulf, Alfred became King of Wessex during a
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