Mary Baldwin: Birth: 24 APR 1775. Death: 15 MAY 1776
Title: Historic Homes and Places and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs relating to the Families of Middlesex County, Massachuse
Author: Cutter, W. R.
Note: d walk from North Woburn to Cambridge with his schoolmate, Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, and attend the lectures of Professor John Winthrop at Harvard. He was present at the battle of Lexington. As early as 1768, he had enlisted in a company of horse-guards, and was not wholly destitute of military experience when summoned in 1775. In his own words "We mustered as fast as possible. the Town turned out extraordinary, and proceeded toward Lexington." He held the rank of major. After the battle at Lexington, the company proceeded to Concord by way of the Lincoln meetinghouse At the beginning of the war, he enlisted in the regiment of foot commanded by Colonel Samuel Gerrish. He rapidly advanced to lieutenant-colonel and upon Colonel Gerrish's retirement (Auugust 1775), he was placed in charge of teh regiment and was soon commissioned as its colonel. The regiment was commissioned as the thirty-eighth and soon numbered as the twenty-sixth. Its original eight companies were soon icnreased to ten. Until the end of 1775, Colonel Baldwin and his men remained near Boston. In April 1776, he was ordered with his command to New York City and was there by April 19. On December 26, 1776, his regiment and himself went on the expedition to Trenton, taking part on December 25, 1776 in Washington's famous crossing of the Delaware, where 1,000 Prussion troops were taken prisoner. In 1777, Colonel Baldwin resigned from the army because of ill health. He returned to Woburn, where he lived out his life, marked by an enterprising spirit and the active habits of his youth. he was appointed to many public committees on important town business. He was appointed high sheriff of Middlesex County in 1780, and was first to hold office after the adoption of the state constitution. From 1778 through 1784, he represented Woburn in the Genearl Court. In 1794, he ran for congress and received all votes cast, save one. He was chosen a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and contributed two papers to the publications of that body. he also wrote a biographical sketch of Count Rumford in 1805, was the author of a report on the survey of the Boston and Narragansett Bay Canal in 1806. He received the degree of Master of Arts from Harvard in 1785. He was not one to sacrifice his principles of duty for the sake of popularity, though, as his popularity attests, he was a favorite with his townspeople and fellow citizens. He protested with others against the action of the town in 1787 at the time of the Shays Rebellion when the majority of the citizens voted not to give any encouragement to the men called out, nor to aid or assist the expedition. At the passing of the action, Colonel Baldwin and 36 others protested, and two days later, the town reconsidered the votes passed on the subject. He also took a prominent role in the construction of the Middlesex Canal, completed in 1803 and one of the earliest enterprises of its kind in the U.S. He is also credited with the discovery and introduction of the Baldwin apple, about 1784. At his death, Baldwin's estate embraced a large amount of land -- 212 acres. In accordance with the custom of the time, his death notice in the local paper was short and dignified -- "Died - In Woburn, yesterday morning, Honorable Loammi Baldwin, Esq., aet. sixty-two. His funeral on Friday next, which the friends and relatives are requested to attend without a further invitation." Columbian Centinel, October 21, 1807. See Cutter for a more lengthy essay on Colonel Baldwin.
Note: Early in life, he discovered a strong desire for acquiring knowledge and attended school in Woburn. At a more advanced period of his life, with the intention of acquiring a thorough acquaintance with natural and experimental philosophy, he woul
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