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  1. Samuel Williams Baldwin: Birth: 1817. Death: 28 DEC 1822


Sources
1. Title:   Historic Homes and Places and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs relating to the Families of Middlesex County, Massachuse
Author:   Cutter, W. R.

Notes
a. Note:   tion of his class. In 1806, he was vice-president of the Phi Beta Kappa. In 1799, his father wrote to his friend, Count Rumford, that "I have a son in college whose genius inclines him strongly to cultivate the arts...I have therefore thought whether it would not be best to endeavor to provide him with a place for a year or two with some gentleman in the mathematical line of business in Europe, who is actually in the occupation of making and vending mathematical and optical instruments..." However, Count Rumford noted that few if any people in that line of business would train someone for a year or two, to see him leave. Upon graduating from college, he entered the law office of Timothy Bigelow, at Groton. Here he constructed a fire engine of which the town stood in great need. The machine was active for many years He completed his studies at Groton and opened an office in Cambridge in 1804, and in 1807, having abandoned the practice of law for engineering, he wnet to England for the purpose of examining the various works in that country. He had intended to visit the continent, but upon reaching France, was prohibited and returned to the States. Upon his return, he opened in office in Charlestown. One of the first works on which he was engaged was the construction of Fort Strong, in 1814 during the war, which was one of the forts erected for the defense of Boston Harbor. He was chief engineer with the rank of Colonel, which sometimes confused him witgh his father, who bore the rank in the army of the Revolution. In 1819, he was appointed engineer to complete the undertaking of building the Milldam, or Western Avenue, which is now the extension of Beacon Street in Boston. From 1817 to 1820, he was engaged in various works of internal improvement in Virginia. In 1821, he was appointed engineer of the Union Canal in Pennsylvania. In 1824, he went to Europe, remaining there a year, mostly in France, and devoting his time to a careful examination of the important public works in that country. He also inspected the docks in Antwerp, laying the foundation of the largest and best professional library of engineering works to be found in America, to which he added, until his death it cost him nearly $80,000. In 1825, he was associated with the projectors of the Bunker Hill monument, recommedning the obelisk which now stands there. His professional report is preserved among the papers of the monument association. He was also involved in the Salem Milldam corporation and the project of connecting Boston to the Hudson River by canal. In 1827, he was appointed by the governor to procure surveys and estimates for a railroad to connect Boston to the Hudson River. He was also consulting engineer on many government projects. and in 1834, made an elaborate report on bringing pure water into the city of Boston, which was later published. Mr. Baldwin was also a noted author, with writings on a number of engineering enterprises as well as economics. In 1835, he was a member of the executive council of the COmmonwealth and in 1836, he was a presidential elector.
Note:   His early inclinations were towards mechanical subjects, to which very little attention was paid in the education system at that time. During college life, he made a clock with his own hands thath kept very good time and was the wonder and admira


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