Robert de HOLAND: Birth: ABT 1312. Death: 1373
Elizabeth de Holand: Birth: 1324. Death: 1387
Note: N4811 <MAUD LA ZOUCHE, 2nd daughter and co-heiress, born about 1290 (aged 24 in 1314). She married before 1309/10 ROBERT DE HOLAND, Knt., of Upholland and Orrell (both in Wigan), Hale (in Childwall), Nether Kellet, Orrell, Samlesbury, and West Derby, Lancashire, Yoxall, Staffordshire, Broughton Parva (in Bierton), Buckinghamshire, and, in right of his wife, of Great Gaddesden, Hertfordshire, King’s Norton, Leicestershire, Hawes (in Brackley) and Brackley, Northamptonshire, Great Dalby, Leicestershire, Shipton-on-Cherwell, Oxfordshire, Seckington, Warwickshire, etc., Justice of Chester, Sheriff of Flint, Constable of Beeston Castle, son and heir of Robert de Holand, of Upholland (in Wigan), Lancashire, by Elizabeth, daughter and co- heiress of William de Samlesbury. He was born about 1283. They had four sons, Robert, Knt. [2nd Lord Holand], Thomas, Knt., K.G. [Earl of Kent], Otes, K.G., and Alan, and five daughters, Isabel (mistress of John de Warenne, Knt., 8th Earl of Surrey), Margaret, Maud, Elizabeth, and Eleanor (wife of John Darcy, Knt., 2nd Lord Darcy of Knaith). In 1298 he attended Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, as a vallettus on the Falkirk campaign. He subsequently became chief councillor of Earl Thomas, and thus grew in importance and wealth. In 1304 he had a grant of a weekly market and annual fair at Hale, Lancashire. He had license to crenellate his manor house of Upholland, Lancashire in 1308. In 1310 he founded a college of priests in the Chapel of St. Thomas at Upholland, later altered to a Priory of Benedictine monks. He took sides with Earl Thomas in his various contentions with the king, being pardoned in 1313 for his complicity in the death of Sir Peter de Gavaston, Earl of Cornwall. In 1313 he acquired the manors of Bagworth and Thornton, Leicestershire from John de Harcourt and Robert de Willoughby. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 July 1314 to 15 May 1321, by writs directed Roberto de Holand, whereby he is held to have become Lord Holand. In 1314 he purchased the advowson of Leigh, Lancashire with one acre of land appurtenant thereto in Westleigh, Lancashire from Richard de Urmston for 50 marks sterling. In 1315 he was granted both the castle and borough of Liverpool, Lancashire by Earl Thomas, but no charter was sealed, nor did the tenants do homage. He had license to crenellate his manor house at Bagworth, Leicestershire in 1318. In 1320 he was granted the castle of Thorpe Waterville (in Thorpe Achurch), Northamptonshire by Earl Thomas. In Earl Thomas’ final rising, in Feb. and March 1321/2, Robert is said to have played a cowardly or treacherous part. He fought at the Battle of Boroughbridge, surrendering to the King afterwards. In March 1327, at the request of the queen, the king granted to Maud wife of Robert de Holand the manor of Hawes and Brackley, Northamptonshire, to the value of £50, the moiety of the manor of Gaddesden, Hertfordshire to the value of £10, and a third part of the manor of Sheepshead, Leicestershire to the value of 100s., which lands were taken into the late king’s hands for various reasons, for the support of herself and her children until other provisions be made for them. On the accession of King Edward III, Robert petitioned for the restitution of his lands, which petition was granted 23 Dec. 1327. SIR ROBERT DE HOLAND, 1st Lord Holand, was captured by some adherents of his former patron, Earl Thomas, in Boreham Wood, Elstree, Hertfordshire 7 Oct. 1328, who cut off his head for his treachery. His body was buried at Grey Friars, Preston, Lancashire. He died testate. In Nov. 1329 Mary widow of Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, had license to demise her interest in the Castle and manor of Thorpe Waterville, with the hamlets of Achurch and Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire, to Maud widow of Robert de Holand, which property came into the late king’s hands upon the submission of the said Robert to the said king after being charged with adhering to the king’s enemies, and which was granted by the king to the said Mary and Aymer, in fee tail. In 1329 his widow, Maud, and William la Zouche, of Harringworth, acknowledged that they owed £1,000 to Mary de Saint-Pol, Countess of Pembroke, to be levied, in default of payment, of their lands and chattels in Northamptonshire; Maud de Holand and Ralph Basset, of Drayton, likewise acknowledged they owed the same sum to Countess Mary, to be levied, in default of payment, of their lands and chattels in Northamptonshire. In return Countess Mary agreed to cancel the two recognizances if the parties pay to her in her wardrobe at London 900 marks and £400 at dates specified, and that upon payment of the first installment, she further agreed to let Maud have the estate she has for life of the late king’s demise of the castle of Thorpe Waterville (in Thorpe Achurch), Northamptonshire, and its members of Achurch and Aldwinkle, and that she would purchase the king’s charter of license. Maud in return agreed to pay to the countess the costs of the winter-sowing, and of the labors about it upon her entry into the castle, and also of the Lent-sowing, if the Countess have sewn it. In 1331 his widow, Maud, was co-heiress to her great-aunt, Emeline Longespée, widow of Maurice Fitz Maurice, Knt., by which she inherited the manors of King’s Sutton, Northamptonshire and Wanborough, Wiltshire. In 1332 Maud complained that John de Charnels, Robert de Sothewold, and others carried away her goods, as well as 600 charters, 200 bonds, 100 chirographs and tallies and divers muniments at Thorpe Waterville, Northamptonshire, and assaulted her servants there. In October 1334 she had license to alienate in mortmain 14 marks of rent in Steeple Lavington, Wiltshire to the Keeper of the Chapel of St. Katherine, Wanborough, Wiltshire, to find two chaplains to celebrate divine service daily in the chapel for the souls of her and her late husband, Robert, as she should appoint. In August 1335 (and again in March 1336), Maud going on pilgrimage to Santiago, she had letters nominating Master John de Blebury and Gervase de Wilford her attorneys in England for one year. In Michaelmas term 1339 she sued her son, Robert de Holand, in a plea that he should warrant to her half the manor of Bagworth, Leicestershire which William, son of William de Harecourt claimed against her. Robert did not appear, and her attorney was told she must proceed with the suit at her own peril. She presented to the church of Dalbury, Derbyshire in 1349. Maud died 31 May 1349, and was buried at Brackley, Northamptonshire.
Bridges, Hist. & Antiq. of Northamptonshire 2 (1791): 364-365. Shaw, Hist. & Antiq. of Staffordshire 1 (1798): 95-97. Nichols, Hist. & Antiq. of Leicestershire 3(1) (1800): 240-241. Clutterbuck, Hist. & Antiq. of Hertford 1 (1815): 371 (Longespée-Zouch pedigree). Baker, Hist. & Antiq. of Northampton 1 (1822-1830): 563, 692-694. Curtis A Topog. His. of the County of Leicester (1831): 39. Coll. Top. & Gen., 2 (1835): 304-305. Beltz, Memorials of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (1841): cxlix-cl. St. George, Lennard & Vincent, Vis. of Devon 1620 (H.S.P. 6) (1872): 345-347 (Holland pedigree: “Sir Robert Holland Kt. Lord Holland = Mawde 2 d. of Allaine Zouche”) (Holand arms: Azure, semée of fleurs-de-lys argent, a lion rampant of the same). Harvey, The Hist. & Antiqs. of the Hundred of Willey (1872-8): opp. 146 (Quincy pedigree). Cox, Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire 3 (1877): 108-109. Lancashire & Cheshire Hist. & Gen. Notes 2 (1881): 184-185. Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages (1883): 278- 279 (sub Holand). Colls. Hist. Staffs., 11 (1890): 90-100. C.P.R. 1327-1330 (1891): 59, 455. C.P.R. 1330-1334 (1893): 285. C.P.R.1334- 1338 (1895): 33, 163, 235. C.C.R. 1327-1330 (1896): 581-582. Genealogist, n.s. 13 (1896): 34. Farrer, Lancashire Inquests, Extents, & Feudal Aids 1205-1307 1 (Lancs. & Cheshire Rec. Soc. 48) (1903): 322-323; 1310-1333 2 (Lancs. & Cheshire Rec. Soc. 54) (1907): 219-220. C.P.R. 1345-1348 (1903): 127. List of Inqs. ad Quod Damnum 1 (PRO Lists and Indexes 17) (1904): 157, 328, 331. VCH Lancaster 3 (1907): 14, 16, 118-119, 142-144, 147, 296, 413-421; 4 (1911): 4-36, 82, 92-93, 98, 148-150; 5 (1911): 267, 269; 6 (1911): 303-304; 8 (1914): 68. VCH Hertford 2 (1908): 201-203. VCH Buckingham 2 (1908): 323-324 (Holand arms: Azure powdered with fleurs-de-lis a lion argent). Cal. IPMs 7 (1909): 267; 9 (1916): 178-180; 12 (1938): 169- 170. Feet of Fines for Yorkshire 1327-1347 (Yorkshire Arch. Soc. Recs. 42) (1910): 35-36. C.P. 4 (1916): 58-61 (sub Darcy), 144 (sub De La Warr); 6 (1926): 528-531 (sub Holand). VCH Berkshire 4 (1924): 158-159. Moor, Knights of Edward I, 2 (H.S.P. 81) (1929): 233-234. VCH Warwick 4 (1947): 198-200. Year Books of Edward II 23 (Selden Soc. 65) (1950): 132-134. Hatton, Book of Seals (1950): 15. Paget Baronage of England (1957) 289: 1; 580: 4. Sanders, English Baronies (1960): 61-62. VCH Leicestershire 5 (1964): 256-264. VCH Oxford 8 (1964): 60; 12 (1990): 257. Chancery Miscellanea Vol. III (List & Index Soc. 26) (1967): 280. VCH Wiltshire 9 (1970): 176; 10 (1975): 87-88. English Hist. Rev. 86 (1971): 449-472. Sutherland, Eyre of Northamptonshire 2 (Selden Soc. 98) (1983): 575-577, 602. Stevenso,n Edington Cartulary (Wiltshire Rec. Soc. 42) (1987): 173. Year Books of Edward II 27 (Selden Soc. 104) (1988): 34-36. Austin, Ancient Fams. in the British Isles (1991): 66-84. Hicks, Who’s Who in Late Medieval England (1991): 51-52 (biog. of Sir Robert Holand: “… the omnicompetent supervisor of Lancaster’s affairs”). Morrison, Women Pilgrims in Late Medieval England (2000): 158.>
aged 26 or more 7 Edw. II. https://archive.org/stream/cu31924011387838#page/n281/mode/2up
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